Small car. Small car brands
Small cars appeared during the periodeconomic stagnation in the second half of the twentieth century, when prices for gasoline rose steadily, servicing of cars of the executive class was becoming increasingly expensive, and the cars themselves of class D (large family cars) and C (medium European) were not cheap.
Gradually formed the consumer demand forB-class cars with an economical engine ranging from 1.1 to 1.4 liters, with a capacity of 48 to 56 hp, which consumed only 5-6 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers in urban mode. Automobiles segment B are compact and subcompact models ranging in length from 3.7 to 4.3 meters, maneuverable and dynamic. The dimensions of a small car were the main criterion, which contributed to its popularity among a wide range of buyers. The car took up a minimum of parking space, it could be "squeezed" anywhere. In the design bureaus of some car manufacturing firms, there were even attempts to increase the parking properties of the small cars, which were already quite good, by giving rotary functions to the rear wheels. However, nothing happened, because the driver in this case required very different skills.
Some of the most popular brands of small cars:
- Daewoo Matiz - produces the South Korean firm "Daewoo Motors";
- Ford Fiesta - manufactured by Ford Motor Company, USA;
- Mini Cooper - produced by the German automobile concern BMW;
- Toyota Yaris - the car of the Japanese company "Toyota";
- Kia Picanto is a South Korean manufacturer of Kia Motors;
- Smart Fortwo - produced by the German automobile concern Daimler;
- Honda Gear - the car of the Japanese corporation "Honda Motor Company";
- Suzuri Swift - produced by the Japanese automobile company "Suzuki";
- Seat Ibiza - produces the Spanish company "Seat";
- Skoda Fabia - the car of the Czech manufacturer "Skoda".
Small cars for women
All major car manufacturers, along withthe main products, produce subcompacts segment B. And already in this category, a number of models are developed, focused on women. Criteria for choosing cars for the fair sex are quite expected: it is a beautiful, effective appearance of the car, a fantastic pick-up (from a place to a gallop) and, of course, profitability. In the first place in the ranking of the most popular "female" cars is Peugeot 207, a miniature Frenchman. The second place was taken by "Honda Jazz", a stylish Japanese with a left rudder. In third place is a pretty "ladybug" Nissan Micra with characteristic contours. Next come: Ford Fiesta, Toyota Yaris, Sitroen C3, Daewoo Matiz, Hyundai Getz, Fiat 500 and closes the list of the stylish Mini Cooper, which took its place at the very tail just because of its high price, otherwise it would be his first.
Small cars, prices for whichrange from 500 thousand (Ford Fiesta) to 1 million 450 thousand rubles (Mini Cooper) can be bought at any Moscow motor show if there is a model on sale or on order. Each model is completed at the request of the buyer.
Small car Daewoo Matiz
This is an urban runabout with front-wheel drive. It is produced since 1997, has several modifications. The engine is a three-cylinder volume of 0.8 liters, capacity of 45 liters. with., the maximum speed - 160 km / hour. The model has repeatedly become the leader of sales, enjoys well-deserved popularity. It is reliable, inexpensive to operate.
The car "Ford Fiesta"
Subcompact B-class car, the beginningproduction falls on 1976. It is one of the most popular in the automotive market, for the period from 1976 to the present, over 26 million copies were sold. The name "Fiesta" car was given personally by Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company. "Ford Fiesta" is equipped with a gasoline engine in several versions or turbodiesel. The length of the car is 3950 mm.
Minor car Mini Cooper
The model was developed by the British corporation BritishMotor Corporation in 1958. Mini Cooper is considered a stylish car with its own image and history. The first few years the car was going to two plants, in Birmingham and Oxford, then the production expanded, and Cooper began to go off the assembly line in Longbridge and Cowley. In 2000, the model with all the documentation was sold to the German concern BMW.
The car is produced since 1998 and hasmany advantages over other models of a similar class. About Toyota Yaris say that it is "inside more than outside", its interior is spacious and comfortable. The power plant is a 68 liter liter engine. with., the transmission is mechanical. The machine is easy to control, stable on bends and good maneuverability. The length of the body is 3885 millimeters.
Small car Kia Picanto
Kia Picanto - the most miniature model in the lineup"Kia Motors". However, the car is a full 5-door hatchback with good dynamics, which provides a fairly powerful three-cylinder engine. The car features a variety of trim levels: Standard, Standard Plus, Classic, Comfort, Lux. The length of the body is 3595 millimeters.
Level of comfort and safety
Small cars, photo which are presented on the page, it's onlypart of the list. In fact, the models are much larger, in different modifications, trim levels and interior layout. Running cars of a business class differ from their counterparts by an expensive interior, an abundance of all kinds of devices, an engine of increased power. Cars of economy class, on the contrary, look more modest in terms of interior decoration, are equipped with an economical motor, the package does not include expensive audio and video systems.
However, the level of security, both passive andactive, for all cars segment B is the same. The ABS system is included in the basic equipment of all small cars, cushions and seat belts are the standard equipment of the car. Ergonomic parameters are also maintained at approximately the same level for all models.
A small car should be chosen taking into accountits maneuverability, this criterion is of great importance when driving around the city, especially in economic matters. A car with a large turning radius is more difficult to park, the main advantage of a compact car - compactness - can be lost if the model is clumsy. For a small car, the optimum turning radius is a value of not more than 5.6 and not less than 4.7 meters.