Bus Ikarus 255: photo, technical characteristics
Surely everyone remembers what kind of buses were in the USSR. Basically it was LAZ and Ikarus. The latter were considered the real top of the automotive industry. The Hungarians made very comfortable and reliable buses. In today's article, we'll talk about Ikarus-255. This bus was serially produced from 72 to 84 year. The car came to replace the obsolete 250-th model, which was produced since the 50's. Well, let's get acquainted with this legendary bus.
All buses that were delivered to the republics of the USSR,painted in red and white. It was the same for all models. The car received additional fog lights and a new bumper. The edging of the windows is chrome plated.
Ikarus-255 belongs to a large class of buses. So, its total length is 10.97 meters, width - exactly 2.5 meters, and height - almost 3 meters. The size of the wheelbase is 5.34 meters. Ikarus-255 was impressive in size, so it could accommodate up to 47 passengers. However, the long body is not only capacity, but also huge overhangs. So, the size of the front was 2.45 meters. The rear overhang is 3.17 meters. "Ikarus-255" was difficult to maneuver in the city, so it was usually exploited outside of it. By the way, the minimum radius of the turn of the bus is 22.4 meters.
The previous models of "Ikarus" used an archaic, flat instrument panel. Ikarus-255 (photo of the salon you can see below) was equipped with a modernized panel made of black plastic.
As for the passengers themselves, for themcomfortable light seats with headrests are provided. There was also an armrest. On subsequent models of "Ikarus" he was already throwing out. On the top was a shelf for bags and other things. The seats were arranged in two rows. Behind the classic was almost a continuous sofa. It is located slightly higher than the rest of the seats. This is not done for a better view of the rear passengers, but to accommodate the power unit. The motor on the Ikarus was behind.
The "Rab-MAN" engine was installed on the bus. It is a diesel inline engine with a turbocharger. The working volume of the power unit was 10,350 cubic centimeters. The maximum power is 220 horsepower.
Transmission, dynamics, consumption
The car was manned by a mechanicalgearbox with a dry single-plate clutch. Total in the box was 5 steps, without divisions. The box, unlike the engine, was not upgraded. In view of this, many drivers complained about the huge backstage moves. Also over time, the programs were switched on with a crunch.
If we talk about dynamic indicators, thenThe maximum speed of the bus was 100 kilometers per hour. Acceleration to 60 kilometers per hour took 22 seconds. As for fuel consumption, here the data diverge. The manufacturer says about 19 liters per 100 kilometers. But in practice this figure is about 27 liters, and outside the city (where this bus was used 90 percent of the time). The power reserve on one tank is about a thousand kilometers.
Perhaps the most significant shortcoming of the 250thIkarus is a suspension design. Hungarians used an archaic, spring scheme. Moreover, the sheets were on both the front and rear axles. Damping of vibrations was carried out by hydraulic shock absorbers. In the model 255, the air suspension was already used, thanks to which Ikarus won such wide recognition and was described as the most comfortable bus of those times.
In the sale of such specimensleft. The cost for the "live" model is kept at a high level - about 450 thousand rubles. In a condition under restoration it is possible to buy for 200 and less thousand. These buses have outlived their own.
So, we found out what theIkarus of the 250th model. Ikarus is a legendary bus that was supplied to the Baltic States, the RSFSR and other republics by masses. The machine was used on different routes. On these "Ikarus" many traveled half the country. Unfortunately, they are no longer seen on the streets of our cities. And only the most desperate are ready to take under the restoration. Now such a technique can be found in the museum of passenger transport in Moscow and St. Petersburg. On flights these buses have not been released for a long time. Most of it was written off to scrap metal.