Proper management functions are the foundation of the financial well-being of any enterprise.
In a broad sense, management functions area set of actions - homogeneous by several features - that are aimed at achieving a specific goal and are subject to a common management goal. Management functions are a specific activity that has become isolated during the specialization of managerial work.
In management theory, most authors singled out: general management functions, as well as special control functions subordinate to them. The main control functions are activities that are not related to the specific nature of the managed object. For all subjects of management, they are common. As a rule, general (basic) management functions include: - planning; - motivation. - organization and coordination, - regulation and control functions. General management functions must be performed in each division, at any management level.
The main feature of the main functions isinterpenetration. We will review the management functions in more detail. Planning is the setting of the goals of the development of objects and the program for achieving them. The planning function is the leader in the management cycle, since the remaining functions are subordinated to the tasks of achieving a common goal. Motivation is the process of stimulating a particular individual or a group of people to work in order to achieve the organization's goals. is the process of forming the structure of the enterprise, enabling people to work together effectively. Under the control, the activity of relating the state of the object to the intended goals is understood. Control is not a one-time action, but a continuous process that coincides in its development with the movements of production cycles, within which there are three stages: the definition of the standards of the functioning of the enterprise, which must be controlled; analysis and measurement of actual results achieved by the deadline; making the necessary adjustments. The deviations that have arisen can lead either to an urgent intervention in the activities of the enterprise, or to a revision of plans, and in some cases to a change in the system of its goals. Starting from the time of control, three types can be distinguished: preliminary, current and final.
Regulation is a kind ofactivity by means of which the characteristics of the system are maintained on a given trajectory and aimed at preventing or correcting failures in the course of the functioning of the enterprise in relation to the goal. Specific management functions imply functions that are determined by the management's belonging to the functioning of the organization as a whole or to certain stages of the production process. Based on the sign of the impact on the activities of the enterprise as a whole, specific (special) functions can be attributed: groundbreaking and current social and economic planning; economic analysis; accounting and reporting; Standardization. Based on the sign of the impact on individual stages of the production process, such functions can include: - management of the technical preparation of the production process - the organization of the main production process - the organization of the servicing production process - marketing.From the sign of influence on specific factors of production, special functions include: management of wages and work organization; personnel Management; organization of financial activities.
Ultimately, all management functionspursue one common goal - to effectively manage personnel and stimulate the production process, which is the basis of the financial well-being of any enterprise.