Economic methods of enterprise management.
The methods of control are the setmeans and methods by means of which the controlling subject acts on the object of management in order to achieve certain goals. Through them, the main content of the so-called managerial activity is successfully realized. The management method in principle characterizes the completed act of influence on any management object. There are socio-psychological, economic, organizational management methods.
Managing an enterprise, a specific entity usuallyapplies not one, but several methods at once, that is, their combinations. All of them are in dynamic constant equilibrium and organically supplement each other. Economic management methods or organizational - it does not matter, they are all aimed at people who carry out different types of work.
Economic management methods - there is nothingOther, as ways of influence on all property interests of concrete people, and also their associations. Their position in the system of existing methods is a priority. In addition, economic methods of managing an enterprise in a market economy are the basic ways by which one can influence people's behavior, activate their work and increase the overall business activity of certain enterprises.
Their basis is the economic laws that100% objective, and also the principles of remuneration for any work having its own peculiarities at each enterprise. Socio-economic methods of management should use economic incentives to lead to activization of activity of all workers in the required direction and at the same time contribute to increasing the economic potential of the collective, firm or enterprise as a whole.
There are such economic methods of management: planning, that is, the development of plans that determine what the state of the economic system will be, and what ways to go, what methods and means to use to achieve it. This method involves the adoption of various planning decisions by authorized persons or bodies.
The second method is commercial calculation. This is the way of farming. It is based on the measurement of the costs of a particular enterprise for the production of its products with real results of economic activity, for example, revenue, sales. It is also based on the full reimbursement of production costs solely at the expense of income. It is necessary to ensure profitability and economical use of resources. Workers should be financially interested in the results of their work.
The third method is the balance method.It involves a comprehensive and thorough analysis of all economic processes. For example, the labor balance is the balances of electrical equipment, fuel, building materials, labor balance of use and availability of labor resources in general, and financial balance of all money expenditures and incomes.
The fourth method is lending. He provides that it is possible to create conditions that will prompt enterprises to use credits rationally and wisely, to repay them in a timely manner.
The fifth method - market pricing - isregulator of commodity-money relations, as well as the most important economic tool with which you can measure the cost of production and prices, and so on.
There are also such economic methodsmanagement, as profit, which is the main result of the enterprise. Remuneration of labor is an important motive for working life. And the last method is a bonus. It is designed to determine the individual contribution of each employee to the final result of production.