Principles of management
The purpose of any activity ismaximizing profits by reducing costs, increasing productivity and making efficient use of all available reserves. The main role in this is management. As a production management system, management, based on an extensive base of different sciences, allows you to achieve all the goals. The guiding principles in this, the rules on which all decisions are based, are the principles of management.
The principles of management synthesize the objective laws of the management process, which reflect the most important and repetitive trends in the organization.
Regularities and principles of management ensure an immediate response of the organization following the changing conditions of the external and internal environment.
The most important regularities that predeterminethe vector of development of the organization and, as a consequence, management, include a number of trends that are objective in nature and are realized in the course of economic activity.
These include, in particular, developmentmanagement as a science on the basis of the economy, the transformation of basic techniques in the changing economic situation. Equally important rule of management is to determine the degree of influence of the external environment in the formation of the organization's strategy and selection of the necessary management techniques. Rationalization of management levels of organizations and use of control in the course of their activities are important trends in the development of management as the main management tool. Management should be based in its development on the regularity of the use of planned management. However, perhaps one of the most important regularities is a dynamic change in the organization's management principles and its main functions.
Under the influence of the above-mentioned regularitiesthe principles of management are created. They form the basic requirements for management, the methods of its implementation, the functions and structure of the organization. They include general and particular principles.
The general principles of management were firstformulated by the classical theory of management Henri Faile. He defined 14 basic principles of management in his opinion. These include: the principle of the division of labor, one-man management and a scalar chain of government. It is assumed that there is an inseparable chain of commands from the immediate boss in order to most effectively realize the goals of the organization. Thus, the author leads to the fact that the presence of authority, discipline, centralization, order and subordination of interests are the most important principles of management. However, no employee will fulfill all the goals set for him without implementing the principle of fairness and reward for the work done. An intelligent manager must support the corporate spirit and stimulate the initiative among workers. Only in this way will be ensured the principle of staff stability, which will significantly reduce the level of staff turnover.
Compliance with the principles ensures the success of the organization, high profit, an efficient production system and minimization of costs.
Undisputed condition for an effective processmanagement is the need to take into account the specifics of the organization's activities, especially the industry in which it performs it. It follows that the principles of management acquire a special character in order to develop a formula for managerial impact on the organization, which allows you to get the highest result from its activities.