Environmental management at the enterprise, its tasks
Environmental management at the enterprise is a regular activity designed to reduce the impact of the company on the environment.
The objectives of environmental management areplanning the environmental activities of the enterprise and the proper organization of environmental activities, both external and internal. In addition, the functions of environmental management are the justification of the specific environmental policy of the enterprise and the assessment of the results of its environmental activities. The development of an enterprise environmental management system is based on managing the environmental impact of an enterprise and efficient use of resources. In addition, the functions and tasks of environmental management include personnel management and the improvement of environmental management and management systems.
Environmental management at the enterprise in a wideunderstanding means management of the impact by means of economic, social, information, administrative, technological factors on the natural environment in order to achieve sustainable development of nature and society as a whole.
The system of environmental management in the enterpriseshould be simultaneously directed to the management and effective use of natural resources, and on the other hand, it is focused on analysis of the impact on humans and social and demographic processes of natural and artificial objects.
Environmental management at the enterprise onregional and interregional level should ensure safety at high risk sites, such as chemical plants, oil and gas pipelines, nuclear power plants, energy production, air transport, and railways. The tasks of environmental management also include combating pollution of soil, air and water, increasing the efficiency of water resources use, reproduction of forest resources, reducing land disturbance, rational use of mineral resources, solving the problem of additional energy sources, creating energy-saving technologies and environmentally friendly materials, protecting rare species animals and plants, the development of national parks, the provision of radiation safety, land reclamation, etc.
On a separate, local level,environmental management at the enterprise, basically, is directed on the control over strict observance of norms of the natural legislation, ecological quotas and specifications. In addition, the objectives of environmental management of a particular enterprise include the analysis of the environmental consequences of production, ensuring the improvement of modern technologies in production in terms of reducing its accident rate, technological risk, energy intensity and material consumption, toxicity and quantity of waste and emissions.
In addition, environmental management isoptimization of the work of production facilities, whether agrotechnical, agrarian, energy, transport or technical enterprises in the given region (town, city). The task of environmental management also includes the ecologization of production, consisting in the effective use of waste from one enterprise as a resource for other industries.
Efficiency of environmental managementcan be estimated by the level of optimization of district planning to reduce the harmful impact of production facilities on the population of the region, as well as measures for the timely rehabilitation of the population from these impacts.
Environmental management should also introducecertain restrictions on the construction and operation of potentially hazardous industries that may have a negative impact on the nature and health of the population.