Principles and methods of personnel management
The competitive ability of the labor market is determined bythe availability of young resources, professionally trained and having their own vision of the prospects of activity in a particular profession. Personnel management in any organization is based on the principles of corporate culture, professional skills of personnel, etc.
To realize the potential of employees, to improveprofessional qualities of the personnel - this is the main activity of the management service employees. Personnel management service solves the following organizational tasks: optimization of internal relations in the team, coordination of tasks and the overall development strategy of the organization, creating conditions for the social protection of personnel, training and retraining of professional staff, improving the effectiveness of personnel management, identifying and suppressing conflicts. The principles of the organization of work at the enterprise should not run counter to what principles and methods of personnel management are used by the personnel management service.
Principles of building a personnel management systemare divided into two large groups: principles that are directly related to the formation of service and the general principles of the functioning of the service. Let's consider in more detail principles and methods of personnel management in the organization.
If the HR department is effective,then the cost of its activities will not be too high and the principle of economy will be realized. If we are talking about the principle of the primacy of the personnel management function, then there is a certain system and subsystems in personnel management. The optimal ratio of the number of personnel in the organization and the technological possibilities of production realizes the principle of optimization. The principle of hierarchical submission implies the existence of several levels of subordination. The principle of progressiveness obliges the personnel manager to actively apply progressive principles and methods of personnel management in his work. The principle of autonomy gives this service the authority to make decisions within the framework of its immediate activities, without resorting each time to a higher-level authority. The principle of perspective allows the management of the HR department to plan its activities taking into account the development prospects of the organization as a whole. The principle of efficiency - decisions must be made within a strictly defined time frame. There is also the principle of adaptability, concentration, directness, specialization, coherence, continuity, etc.
Different authors identify different principles and methodspersonnel management. For example, we can distinguish such methods as the method of system analysis, the method of expert assessments, the method of meetings and discussions, the method of control questions, the morphological method.
But more often there is a classification, when three main types of personnel management methods are distinguished: administrative, economic and socio-psychological.
Administrative methods are strict disciplineand a clear system of reward-recovery. Any normative document or management order must be strictly observed. These methods are based on two methods of influence: organizational and managerial, that is, the organization of the production process and all sorts of orders and orders of management.
Economic methods are directly related totechnical and economic planning. After the approval of plans for economic development, they are led to line managers, and those are further along the chain. To implement the plans, managers can use various instructions and apply any form of work. These methods are very in demand in the modern world, because they allow you to predict the activities of the organization.
Socio-psychological methods are based on the application of the laws of sociology and psychology. The personality of the employee, his emotions and character, the ways of interaction within the team are put first.