What does the Italian strike mean?
A huge number of workers in various fieldsactivities around the world as a protest apply different measures, among which there is a strike. Its Italian version differs significantly from most analogues, and the employer has no reason to punish employees in any way. This is its advantage, but also a defect that allows management to ignore the demands of workers. The effectiveness of a strike differs depending on the mood of the staff, the functions they perform and the severity of the problem. The more complex the issue under discussion and the more opportunities for employees, the more likely a positive result.
What is an Italian strike?
This concept is a protest action,in which people instead of refusing to perform their functions, on the contrary, begin to perform them so meticulously and verbatim that the efficiency of labor falls significantly. This is the main difference from other analogs. In the ordinary case, the work simply stops, which allows the employer to apply certain measures of influence to rebellious subordinates. But in the version with the Italian version of the formal reasons for such actions simply do not. The basis is the impossibility of compiling such an official or service instruction that would correctly assess the entire activity of the employee. Often, it says a lot of things are very blurry, which allows workers to find fault with every point. The work will be done, but much slower and not as efficient as in the normal mode.
For the first time the term "Italian strike" appearedin 1904. It was introduced by the employees of the railway company, who were extremely unhappy with the activities of the management, but did not have the opportunity to just stop work. Instead, they began to perform their functions very meticulously and not a single step away from them. In theory, such an approach should have raised efficiency, but in fact everything started to happen much more slowly. Many trains were canceled, and the company suffered huge losses. According to other sources, for the first time the same thing happened in Italy too, but not with the railwaymen, but with the pilots. The essence of this does not change. An interesting feature is that in some cases the instructions are not used, according to which the workers are obliged to perform their functions, and the rules specially developed by the employees themselves, which do not contradict the law and the letter of normative documentation, but in fact significantly slow down the work process.
Events in the port of St. Petersburg
In Russia, for the first time,1907 At least this year is indicated in the newspaper in which this term was first discovered. To this day, such strikes regularly take place throughout the world. In 2015, another Italian strike took place in St. Petersburg. The seaport, whose workers protested against existing labor contracts, was practically paralyzed, although all its functions were carried out rigorously. Is that very long and extremely inefficient. The losses were enormous. The company first tried to find a compromise, but invariably encountered the lack of the workers' desire to make concessions. In the end, the situation was resolved. Details were not disclosed, but it is unlikely that both sides have achieved exactly the conditions they wanted.
Doctors in Moscow
Another similar case, albeit not in suchscale, comprehended our capital. Moscow, the Italian strike in which it took place in the same year 2015, did not feel any inconvenience, since the problem concerned working conditions in a single hospital. And not all doctors joined the protests. But the situation got a resonance strong enough, which the doctors and sought. It is difficult to imagine how a doctor will act, who strictly observes all instructions, standards and requirements. In fact, given the total number of them and the fact that they treat the same thing in many ways in different ways, it is not surprising that the medical service was practically stopped.
Protests in the State Duma
Even before the moment when the Italianstrike of doctors, in 2012 similar happened in the governing bodies of the country. So, the deputies of "Fair Russia" tried to delay the time for consideration of the bill that did not suit them, as a result of which such a protest action was chosen. She expressed herself in the monotonous reading and examination of hundreds of amendments, each of which was refined for an incredibly long time. It was planned to make about 1000 such elements, but only 357 turned out. It did not lead to success. The only thing that happened was to stretch out a couple of extra hours. "United Russia" intervened, which banally crushed the problem with the number of its votes.
The Italian strike has direct analogues and inother countries. An excellent example of this is Japan, in which employees also often organize similar protests. But taking into account the mentality of the population of this state, this is somewhat peculiar. The first difference, which is simply not clear to a Russian person, is the employer's warning that exactly one month later, if he does not heed the demands of the employees, they will start a strike. It expresses itself simply in that, in addition to strictly following the instructions, they adorn their uniform in passing with badges and inscriptions pointing to the fact against which the protest takes place.
Not all protests in the Apennine peninsulaoccur in this style. A direct example of this is the strike of Italian truckers, which was conducted in a hard style. They simply blocked all major transport routes, paralyzing the country for a long period. In stores, even there was a shortage of products, which has not happened for a long time. Losses for the state were incredible. In the end, the requirements of the drivers were met. If we analyze all factors, we can conclude that the Italian type of strike rarely leads to the desired result. Most often, it simply attracts public opinion and indirectly forces management to at least partially meet the demands of employees. Such protests rarely arise for really serious reasons.
How to deal with Italian strikes?
When such a concept only appeared, immediatelyarose the question of what to do if the demands of the protesters were not met. There are several main ways. The first is based on ignoring the very fact of the strike. If the enterprise is not principled profit or reduced efficiency, then no positive effect is simply not achieved. This is true of government institutions, most of which do not generate any income. Another option is to anticipate such an opportunity in advance and create such instructions, the verbatim implementation of which will not affect the company's efficiency. It's almost impossible. The third method is pressure on employees. This is not only dangerous, it can lead to a toughening of the protest, but in many cases it is also illegal. The simplest option is to listen to the demands of employees and, as far as possible, explain why they are unworkable. Promise to improve the situation, as soon as opportunities for this emerge, and so on. Usually this is enough, but one must remember that promises will have to be fulfilled sooner or later.
The Italian strike refers to the fulllegitimate methods of protest. It does not in any way allow the employer to impose penalties or penalties on employees. This is both a strong and a weak side of it. With such a strike, employees are still forced to go to work and strictly perform their functions. Not always it is possible to achieve such effect which would force the employer really to listen to requirements. In principle, such a protest action is the average option between the total stoppage of the company's activities and its operation in the normal mode. It is noted that serious issues are not solved in this way, but attention to small problems is quite real.