The subject and the object of management are the conditions of interaction
The system is the connections and relations forminga certain unity of elements among themselves. Based on its laws, management principles are formed. There are more than 200 definitions for this term, but each of them carries a single meaning - management. It can be represented in simplified form as a contour, which contains two subsystems. One of them is the subject, the second -
The object of management in management is a subsystem,receiving management teams from the entity and operating in accordance with them. Between the managers and the controllable prerequisite is interaction. It consists of a number of factors.
Any organization has its own systemcommunication, which ensures the exchange of information. The subject gathers, perceives and analyzes information about the operation of the management object and its results. After that decisions are made, they are transformed into signals that determine the further operation of the controlled subsystem.
The transfer of information from the object to the subject is the reverse. It is expressed in
Motives and incentives
Important factors of interaction of subsystemsare levers of management. Under them, motivation and incentives are often considered. Do not confuse these two methods. The object of management consciously chooses one or another type of activity and fully satisfies their basic needs - this is motivation. It is aimed at the process of changing the existing situation. If, as the needs of the management object meet the motivation is not weakened, then it can be considered effective.
The mechanisms of motivation and stimulation must be formed on a situational basis. For this purpose, there is a large arsenal of various means in the world management practice.
The subject is the same object of management
The control object is often bothsubject. Consider such a transformation by the example of an organization. Director, chief engineer, shop managers - this is the control subsystem. Specialists, workers - managed. But at the same time, the object of management is both the director and the chief engineer, so the bodies of legislative and judicial power act on them.
For trading enterprises, the managing subsystem is the store manager, managed - departments, sections. Their leaders are subjects for sellers, consultants, cashiers.