How to lay the laminate properly?
In order to understand how to lay a laminatecorrectly, you need to find out what the material is. It is specially designed for flooring, does not require special care and is designed for long-term use. As a basis for the manufacture of laminate is taken plate of fiberboard (wood-fiber), which has increased strength. The outer side of the panel is pasted with a paper layer on the surface of which a pattern is imprinted, imitating in most cases a wood texture. On top of this layer a protective film of high strength is applied, which serves to protect the laminated surface from moisture, abrasion and sunlight.
Before laying a laminate, be sure toyou need to check the condition of the bottom of the floor. In addition to the plane and the horizontal nature of the surfaces, you need to verify the reliability of the base. If, for example, wooden floors are used as the basis, you can not allow them to creak, bend when walking or there were places of subsidence. If there are any problems, before installing the laminate, they should be repaired. On the concrete floor, we can only laminate the floor after the screed has been either arranged or the floor surface will be leveled with the "bulk" mixture. After the preparation of the floor, before laying the laminate, it is necessary to lay a waterproofing layer, the thickness of which directly depends on the floor of your house.
To begin to lay a laminate it is necessary from a window that atdaytime coverage of joints were not noticeable. From the wall material is separated by removable inserts or gaskets, which provide a gap of at least 10 mm. The subsequent laying of the laminate differs due to the fact that the panels can be either with locks (Lock) or with collapsible locks (Click). Laminate of the latter type is characterized by the greatest strength of the joint and has the smallest percentage of damage to the panels during installation.
After laying the first row of laminate along the wallthe second one is assembled (without the insertion of the lock parts). Combination of the end seams is not allowed, a "chess" butt spread is used. The most successful option is when there is an integer number of panels in the row, because if you have to cut at least one panel and start the next row with halves, the closing link will be the remainder. After collecting the second row, it should be raised approximately 45 degrees, inserted into the lock clamp, and then smoothly lowered until the panels are fully fixed.
Before laying a laminate usinglocks "Lock", you should know that they are collected a little differently. Here, the next panel, lying on the floor, is connected to the first soft tapping through the gasket (usually in its role is the cut of the panel itself). The ends and corners are riveted with the help of a special Z-shaped bracket, and the chess displacement of the joints is preserved. It is not recommended to tighten panels when connecting. This will change the appearance for the worse, since it will lead to swelling of the edges of the panels. The main condition for success when laying a laminate - it's neat!