Bus stop: views and GOSTs
Bus stop - a small architectural form,called, in addition to ensuring the convenience of waiting for public transport by passengers, to serve as a decoration of city streets. Currently, a variety of types of similar structures are produced. What should be guided when choosing a particular design, are there certain standards for their construction? This is what we will talk about in this article.
Bus stop: a variety of pavilions
Classification of stopping complexesis made on the basis of various characteristics. Firstly, the pavilions vary in their degree of capacity. The choice of the type of pavilion for a particular site depends first of all on how many passengers will pass the object. In this respect, the following types of stops are distinguished:
- small capacity (up to 10 people);
- The construction of medium capacity (designed for 10-20 people);
- large capacity (more than 20 people).
- open type (barrier structures are absent);
- semi-closed type (three walls);
- closed type (often retrofit cashier).
Installation of a bus stop of a certaindesign and design is a process that is sufficiently responsible and requires a serious approach. After all, these structures are in the open and are clearly visible. Therefore, special requirements are imposed on the design of these small architectural forms.
Types of designs
In rural areas and on country roadsvery often a bus stop is an element that harmoniously fits into the surrounding natural landscape. At the same time, folklore motifs are usually present in the design. Such structures are constructed using local materials. Stops of this kind serve as a real decoration of the track and heat is perceived by the travelers.
In urban conditions, however, it is moremodern technocratic option. In this case the bus stop is first of all one of the elements of the urban design of the metropolitan streets. In the manufacture of these structures, materials such as metal profile, concrete, plastic, polycarbonate, etc. are most often used.
Bus stops: GOST
Of course, special requirements, reflected in GOSTs, are imposed on such high-risk constructions. So, each stop should include such elements:
Stop and landing area.
- Waiting areas (on the roads of I - III category).
- The in-pocket pocket.
- The dividing strip (at the abutment of the road to the pavilion and in the intersection of roads).
- Nearby there must be a pedestrian crossing or a walkway.
- With respect to roads I-III category, a toilet is installed near the stop.
- In the same case, there is a container near the pavilion for a garbage container. If we are talking about highways of the IV category, the stop is equipped with an urn.
- The stop should be illuminated.
- Of course, all traffic signs, fences and markings provided by the traffic rules should be installed close to the pavilion.
The bus stop as one of the most important elements of the road design should have the most aesthetic appearance, attract attention and harmoniously fit into the surrounding landscape.