Facing by facade siding according to all rules
Decoration of the exterior of the house with siding -not just a way of physically preserving its design, but also a worthy option of designer decoration. Modern panels make the facade more presentable, stylish and original. It is enough to choose the necessary invoice or to order panels with a unique coloring. Next, the siding is lined in several stages. This is a very important task, because it will depend on the stability of the facade to rain and mechanical influences.
The facade can be decorated with metal, andplastic (vinyl) siding. PVC polyvinylchloride panels are very popular, they have a modest mass, ease of handling, compactness and aesthetic appearance. Metal siding lamellas, in turn, benefit from durability and mechanical durability. If it is assumed that the surface of the facade will be subjected to high loads, then it is better to give preference to the metal. In particular, a small load on the construction of the building gives an aluminum facing siding, the photo of which is presented above. Then you can proceed to the selection by size. A project is created taking into account the layout of the elements and calculation of the volume of the slats. Particular attention is paid to the calculation of vinyl siding. The fact is that the temperature changes contribute to the expansion and narrowing of the panels, so we need to make a correction for the reserve of the order of 8-9 mm in width.
A quality siding installation is not possible withoutapplication of special tools. Typically, this is a metalwork set, complemented by a square, measuring tape and building level. To cut the panels, you must also prepare an electric saw. It is desirable to use models with a thin tooth - about 12 by 25 mm. And the cloth itself should be installed in the opposite direction. In the case of plastic, a mounting knife can also be used. It will allow you to cut off large parts and, if necessary, carefully trim the edges. Even in simple schemes, siding facing requires the insertion of slats with small eyelets at the edges. Such elements are installed in the upper parts of the walls or under the openings of windows. To create "ears" use punches. Another tool for forming additional holes and grooves is a punch. With its help, for example, you can easily extend the holes for nails to compensate for temperature expansion.
Limitations on the use of siding from the point ofThere is practically no view of compatibility with the wall material. Panels can be installed on concrete, stone and wood bases. Another thing is that in the latter case preparatory measures are facilitated, since it is not necessary to arrange a crate. Also, different types of siding for facing the house make their own special surface preparation requirements. Plastic, for example, can not be rigidly attached to stone surfaces, even if the skeleton is made of a skeleton. A strong wind will tear it off, so you may need special profiles, widely grasping slats from the rear. Regardless of the type of siding and wall material, thorough preparation of the substrate will be required. Minute surface defects should be eliminated in the form of protruding carnations, pits, chipped and hillocks. Problem areas should be treated with a grinding machine, and grooves and holes should be filled with a primer.
This is a load-bearing part in the form of a small frame, onwhich is fixed siding. The cladding is made of a bar with a section of the order of 25x25 mm. It is desirable to use coniferous material - for example, fir, spruce or pine. It is important that the bars do not have cracks and are sufficiently dried. Before the installation work, marking is performed, the beginning of which will be the bottom horizontal line. From it, and the first row of cladding will begin. The main bearing bars are fixed along the edges. Their feature will be the capture of the full length of the facade decoration area. The resulting zone can be divided by longitudinal slats, delimiting the common area. The standard technology of facing with siding provides for a heat-insulating lining. Therefore, it is important to calculate the lifting of the rails relative to the surface taking into account the thickness of the future insulator. For example, it can be mats with a thickness of 20-30 mm. Then, directly the lathing of the bounded bars of the zone is carried out - the slats are fastened with an interval of 50-60 cm. As for the fixing method, it is recommended to use an 8 mm spacer dowel.
Heat Insulation Laying
This operation can be performed before the finalstage of the roofing, closing the heater. The heat insulator itself must be rigid or semi-rigid, as roll materials and a soft mat slip down, making the insulation barrier uneven. In terms of the effectiveness of the insulation itself, it is desirable to use mineral wool made from a basalt base or fiberglass. If the siding facing high standards in terms of fire safety, then you can turn to expanded polystyrene - it is completely non-flammable insulator. Special insulation does not require a heater. It will be closed bars bridges, but for a more reliable and durable operation, the same minvat should be additionally protected with a hydro- and vapor barrier film.
The basic set of lining includes not onlypanels, but also additional elements - a starting strip, corners, platbands and soffits. Usually, with additional accessories and the installation begins, then go to the profiles. First of all, the angles are set. During the installation, a small distance of 6-7 mm should be maintained between the cornice and the top of the corner. Then the starting strip is installed, from which the horizontal facing of the facade will go siding along the main square. This is the bottom panel, from which the subsequent lamellas begin to be laid with an indentation of up to 12 mm. Then follows the main part of the working events, during which the panels are mounted from the bottom to the top. The fixation points are made at intervals of 40 cm, and in the areas of convergence of slats with corner accessories leave a gap of 7-12 mm. The mechanism for reducing the siding elements in the main skin area will depend on the design of the particular product. In most cases, the manufacturer indicates the marks for overlapping one lamella to another.
Completing the installation of panels
The last operation in the main partFacing works - is the laying of panels at the top point, where their edge rests against the roof. Many inexperienced craftsmen, for obtaining an ideal convergence, cut a part of the lamellae in order to obtain a smooth joint, but this can not be done, since the reliability of the fasteners is reduced. The element can be corrected to the optimum angle only in the gable area. The finishing touch will be a special finishing pad or J-profile installation. And for the latter it is necessary to perform 6 mm holes. These profiles are required in order that the water run freely along the entire line of the cladding. The siding is easy to perform with your own hands, if you initially adhere to the correct calculations based on a correctly drawn up wiring diagram. Vertical installation is applied less often, but is carried out on the same principles. The main thing is to maintain the same clearances, taking into account the temperature expansion of the plastic.
Installation of soffits
This is part of the additional elements thatis designed for lower protection of the roof overhang. The soffit in some way continues to turn the roof to the wall on one side, and forms a corner joint with horizontal lamellas - on the other. Mounting is carried out with the help of a chamfer, which is fixed to the overhang. Typical lining siding suggests that the chamfer will act as a grip and retaining link to the soffit. That is, a series of lamellas is first set, and then the oblong chamfer closes it. Hard fixing is done by screws or nails.
General advice on the progress of work
Excessively rigid and dense fixation of panelsbetween themselves should be avoided. The damper space must remain, otherwise the plastic will deform during expansion. Control the reliability of the fastening of the elements through the lock, controlling the position of the lower blade. The degree of rigidity of the fastening of the wall covering by siding should not be excessive. Between the head of the hardware and the surface of the panel should remain a gap of 1-2 mm.
Care of the siding
To advantages of such facing carrypracticality and unpretentiousness in service, but this does not mean that you should completely ignore its content. At a minimum, periodically you need to wash off dirt from surfaces using a hose with sufficient pressure of water, a soft rag and a brush. If there are problems with the development of fungi and mold, it will not be superfluous to apply facade detergents designed to combat negative biological processes. Special care is required for metal siding. The lining of this type is sensitive to rust and aggressive acidic environments. Initially, the lamellas have factory protective coatings, but during operation it is necessary to track the appearance of jammed areas with open metal. These zones should be treated with anti-corrosion paint and varnish.
Siding is a modern means of designing externalThe surfaces of the house, the performance of which justifies all the complexity of installation. There are a lot of alternative ways of finishing the facade, but only a few of them can approximate the combination of advantages to the same vinyl panels. In addition, the facing of the house has a siding and structural and functional advantages. Correct arrangement of additional accessories with profiles, corners and soffits will provide a sufficient level of protection of walls and openings from various types of external threats. The user only needs to maintain the condition of these elements, promptly detecting deformation and damage to the siding. If we talk about the disadvantages of this type of cladding, the main one will be the cost. Thus, vinyl panels are estimated at 200-250 rubles / m2, and metal panels with protective coatings - an average of 500 rubles / m2. These costs exceed the investment in plaster or wood cladding, but the result of such finishing will be more durable.