Decorative nightshade - features growing
Decorative nightshade has many names indifferent countries. The native land of this plant is South America and the island of Madeira. Decorative nightshade is a shrub and has a year-round period of vegetation. In the cultivation of this plant is unpretentious and therefore easily lends itself to even little-experienced people in this case. The plant likes bright light and high humidity.
Decorative nightshade is a magnificentShrub, which has beautiful berries, changing their color from green to orange or red and they are really very similar to cherry fruit. Despite its beauty and attractiveness, the decorative nightshade has a distinctly poisonous fruit, so families, some have small children, need to refrain from cultivating this plant for a while. But the nightshade is poisonous only in the case of eating berries in food, otherwise it is a completely harmless plant.
An ornamental nightshade is considered an annual, but ifconduct its periodic transplantation, circumcision, then it will please you more than one year. Due to the fact that this tropical plant, it requires some care. It is necessary to create a moderate temperature, not to allow a large decrease in it, especially in winter, as well as artificially raise the humidity in the room and conduct periodic spraying of the leaves with water.
Nightshade pseudo-puncture, Latin name S. pseudocapsicum L.
This plant is a tall shrubup to 120 centimeters and has leaves reaching a length of 10 cm. An evergreen upright shrub up to 120 cm has fruits that in diameter can reach 1.5 cm and are also poisonous, the motherland of this plant is the island of Madeira.
Nightshade pantsevidny, the Latin name S. capsicastrum.
This species is very similar to the previous one, but it hassmaller sizes and smaller fruits. His homeland is South Brazil and Uruguay. People have got accustomed to the name "Angina tree", in connection with the fact that infusion of fruits helps in the treatment of angina.
House plant nightshade - care.
In an apartment, nightshade should be placed onthe sunny side. The plant likes fresh air and therefore it can be taken outside in the summer. In winter, the temperature in the room should be in the range of 12-25 degrees, the lower temperature of nightshade does not tolerate well, and at higher temperatures frequent irrigation is necessary. In order for the plant to grow for several years, after the fruit falls, it is necessary to cut it.
Since the plant is southern, it requires intensive watering in the warm season, a lack of moisture will lead to the fall of flowers.
Due to the fact that nightshade is active in color and ismass formation of fruits, it spends a lot of effort. For their restoration, it is necessary to carry out weekly feeding. In winter, the plant is fed once a month.
If you want your plant to be beautifuland compact, it is necessary to conduct crown formation after reaching 30 cm. It consists in shortening the main stem, and twigs of the second and third order pinch the ends.
To continue the life of this plant,carry out its annual transplantation. For this, in winter, circumcision of the branches is almost half-done, until the beginning of spring, watering is stopped and moved to a new land.
If you decide to propagate nightshade, then it is possiblemake both seeds, and cuttings or sprouts. It is allowed to plant nightshade permanently, but it is better to do it in the spring. For a full-fledged development, it is necessary to make good drainage, since stagnant water leads to the death of the plant.
Nightshade is a very elegant plant, its flowering begins in the spring, after which active fruiting lasts until the beginning of winter.
Decorative nightshade does not like loneliness, and if you surround it with your attention and care, you will receive inimitable beauty and joy on your windowsill.