The most ancient Orthodox shrines. Novodevichy Convent
Russia has a rich history and a hugeThe territory on which interesting places are scattered. Turquoise lakes, rocks and rock blocks, surrounded by legends, picturesque forests and deep rivers are complemented by miracles man-made. Architectural masterpieces of antiquity and modernity make us admire the human mind and its diligence. Among the main buildings of Russia there are amazing cathedrals, temple complexes and monasteries.
The Metropolitan Novodevichy Convent is a building,which brings to the face of the city the lines of humility and repentance, calls for piety and compassion for its neighbors. It is located in the bend of the Moskva River, on the territory of Khamovniki, called the Maiden Field. The women's Orthodox monastery, the Novodevichy Convent in Moscow, was founded in 1524. To create it, Grand Duke Vasily III, the father of Ivan the Terrible, who laid the wooden church after the capture of Smolensk, put his hand. There they placed a copy of the miraculous icon of Smolensk Mother of God, who is considered to be the intercessor of the Russian army.
The Novodevichy Convent was often home to noblemenpeople of the country who wanted to distance themselves from worldly vanity. It also happened that the aristocrats or members of the princely family, disliked by the tsar, were forcibly lodged for the strong walls of the monastery. Tsarina Irina, Boris Godunov, Princess Sophia, sisters Miloslavskie, Evdokia Lopukhina and many other representatives of the "secular beau monde" lived here in peace and tranquility.
Architectural ensemble "Novodevichy Convent"is included in the UNESCO List. It consists of fourteen buildings, among which are economic and residential buildings, as well as eight different temples. All the sacred buildings of the monastery are built at different times. The oldest is the Cathedral of the Smolensk Icon of the Mother of God, erected in 1524-1525. Outwardly, it resembles the Assumption Cathedral in the Kremlin, so it is often called the miniature of the main Moscow landmark.
Novodevichy monastery is famous for its luxuriousinterior decoration. The interiors of the churches amaze with the ancient carved iconostasis, remarkable paintings, paintings in several tiers. Everything sparkles with gilding. The complex is surrounded by a brick wall with twelve towers, which performed a protective role during the hostilities.
There is also the Novodevichy Convent inSt. Petersburg. Until the middle of the eighteenth century there was no female monastery in the Northern Capital of Russia. In 1746 the Empress Elizaveta Petrovna ordered to build a monastery, where she intended to settle in the declining years. Today on Moskovsky Prospekt there is an impressive stone cathedral, on which the architect Kosyakov worked. A beautiful building in the Byzantine style is decorated with paintings, cast reliefs and majolica.
Like many shrines, after the revolution these twoThe ancient monastery was closed and refurbished for other needs. They arranged warehouses, production shops, museums. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, society once again began to seek a path to truth and light, therefore divine services were resumed in the temples. Every person today can bow to the famous icons and turn to the saints for help.