Diocese of Syktyvkar and Vorkuta. Separation of Syktyvkar Diocese
Before the division of the diocese Syktyvkarskaya occupiedterritory of the Republic of Komi. It is located in the north-eastern part of Russia. In the north and north-east the Komi borders on the Arkhangelsk region, in the east - with the Tyumen, in the south-east - with the Sverdlovsk, in the south - with the Perm, and in the south-west - with the Kirov region. Most of the territory of the republic is taiga. Here there are only a few cities: the capital of the Republic of Syktyvkar, Vorkuta, Ukhta, Pechora, Vuktyl, Inta, Sosnogorsk, Usinsk, Emva, Mikun.
Diocese of Syktyvkar was born about 650 years agoback. In the XIV century on the land of Komi there were settlements of pagans - western Perm or Zyryans. In one of the bordering cities - Ustyug - then the future Saint Stephen was born. Even in his childhood he became acquainted with the language and customs of the people, among whom later he led a missionary work. The saint did not wish to support their russification together with the baptism of the Zyrians. Therefore, he created the Zyryan script on the basis of local runes and translated the liturgical books and the Bible into the Zyrians. That is, St Stephen became for the Komi the same as Cyril and Methodius for Russia.
The saint preached the Gospel with Ust-Vymi -the main settlement of Zyryans. Having won a local sorcerer in a dispute, he began to preach Christianity in the Komi land with great success. The magnificent temple, built by Stefan in Ust-Vymi, became a kind of preaching beauty. Pagans came just to admire the church and its decoration. Throughout the Zyryan land, the saint began building temples and writing icons for them. In addition to the apostolic labors, Stefan was also worried about the daily bread for the people who enlightened, what earned the love and trust of Zyryans.
Education of the Perm Diocese
In 1383 the churcha decree supported by the Grand Duke Dimitry Donskoy, on the foundation of the Komi Perm Diocese on the earth, with the bishop St. Stephen erected in Bishops. This episcopacy became the first Russian diocese among non-Russian peoples. The 15th century gave the Zyrians three bishops - Bishops of Gerasim, Pitirim and Ion. Four saints became patrons of the Komi land. The diocese at this time is called Perm-Vologda. In 1564, the leadership of the diocese moved to Vologda, and it became known as Vologda-Velikopermskaya. Subsequently, the Zyryan flock was a part of the Vyatka, then the Tobolsk eparchy.
The appearance of the diocese of Syktyvkar and Vorkuta
Almost until the end of the 20th century, the Komi land was part of theDiocese of Arkhangelsk and Murmansk. According to the decree of His Holiness Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia on October 6, 1995, an independent diocese of Syktyvkar and Vorkuta was re-established on the territory of the Republic of Komi, separated from Arkhangelsk and Murmansk.
The diocese was entrusted to the bishopPitirimu (Pavel Pavlovich Volochkov). His new name he received on January 1, 1984 in honor of St. Pitirim, Ust-Vymskogo miracle-worker, during the adoption of the monastic vows. The bishop's consecration (ordination) was performed on him on December 19, 1995, at the Moscow Epiphany Cathedral.
Grounds for separation
As can be seen from the history, the process of fragmentation of largeepiscopes to the smaller ones is almost continuous, from the very beginning of the existence of Orthodoxy in Russia and the territories conquered by it. On April 16, 2016, a meeting of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church was held, which included the proposal of Bishop Pitirim to allocate a new diocese of Vorkuta from Syktyvkar.
Grounds for making such a proposalwe can consider the following. Diocese Syktyvkarskaya occupies the entire area of the Republic of Komi. The population of Komi is about 856,831 people at a density of 2.06 people per 1 square. km. The area of the republic is 416,774 square kilometers. km. From south-west to north-east it stretches for 1275 km. All this serves as a serious basis for the division of the territory in connection with the physical inability of one bishop to regularly visit such a vast territory and fully support the parishes.
Another important aspect of the separation andthe renaming of the diocese is that the name of the Komi people should sound in its name. Thus, it is emphasized that Russian Orthodoxy enlightens the hearts and non-Russians. As a new name, instead of the name Syktyvkar Diocese, the Syktyvkar and the Komi-Zyryansk Diocese was proposed.
The result of the consideration
Based on the results of the consideration of the proposal of Bishop Pitirim, a decision was made on the formation of the Vorkuta Diocese. It was decided to include the dioceses from Syktyvkar:
- Ust-Tsilimsky district;
- Izhma district;
- Pechora region;
- Vuktylsky city district;
- Inta city district;
- Vorkuta City District;
- Usinsky urban district.
Management of Syktyvkar Diocese was entrustedVladyka Pitirim with the title of Archbishop of Syktyvkar and Komi-Zyryansky. The head of the Vorkuta diocese became one of the priests of the Shuya diocese - hegumen John (Rudenko) with the title of Bishop of Vorkuta and Usinsk.
Diocese before separation
Diocese of Syktyvkar at the time of separationIt included 258 parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church, located on the land of the Komi Republic. On its territory there are 4 women's and 3 male monasteries. In addition to the numerous temples, several prayer rooms operate in the diocese. They are in prisons, hospitals, educational institutions, children's homes, a disabled home and a veterans' hospital. The diocese includes a special Prison Commune District.
The consequences of separation
Separation of Syktyvkar Diocese should entaila significant increase in the number of parishes. One of the issues that worried the public in connection with the division was whether it would be advisable to appoint a clergyman from the Ivanovo region as head of the Vorkuta diocese. This decision is due to the fact that a leader of this level should have appropriate training. Among the priests of the Syktyvkar diocese, unfortunately, there was no suitable candidate. Therefore, the new bishop was Hegumen John (Rudenko), a clergyman of the Shuya diocese.
So why did you need to divide the diocese?
Any news about the activities of the Russian Orthodox Churchthe church has traditionally and inevitably causes a lot of negative assessments and comments, and mainly from people who are not related to the church. Appeared in the media and the question of why it was necessary to divide the Syktyvkar Diocese. The answer can be the following. In connection with the growth in the number of restored churches, back in 2011, the Russian Orthodox Church began the process of dividing the major regional dioceses into smaller ones. This was due to the fact that there was a need to reduce the number of parishes per bishop in order to pay more attention to everyone. The result of this separation should be a closer communication between archpastors and parishioners, the opening of new churches, the creation of new communities and the ordination of new priests. Not the exception of the former diocese of Syktyvkar and Vorkuta.