How to fast: the basic rules of Lent

Spiritual development

Lent, one of the longest postsOrthodox Church, comes right after the Carnival and lasts seven weeks, during which believers refuse any animal food. It is very difficult to abstain from fasting dishes for so long, therefore, those who fast for the first time need to learn how to keep the fast.

First of all, let's talk about the meaning of fasting. Do not confuse it with diet. Observing fasting, the believers follow in the footsteps of Jesus Christ, who spent forty days in the desert, eating only plant food. Observing fasting, a person repents of his sins and learns to resist the temptation. However, fasting clears not only the soul, but also the human body. During the long cold winter we get used to fatty and high-calorie food, so by the spring the body is "overloaded" with excess fats and carbohydrates. Here the Great Lent comes to the rescue, helping our body get rid of all that is superfluous. However, before you start fasting, you need to learn its basic rules of how to fast properly so as not to harm your body.

Without eating animal food, we deprive ourselves ofa set of necessary substances and vitamins, the main of which is protein. Fortunately, meat is not the only source of protein, it is abundant in soy, mushrooms, beans and peas. Dishes from these products successfully replace meat. Talking about how to properly fast, it is worth mentioning that, refusing meat, milk and fish, we lose not only protein, but also calcium, iron, magnesium and potassium. The lack of iron can be compensated with nuts, pumpkin, hips, celery, bell pepper and herbs such as parsley, coriander and dill. There is iron in cranberry raspberries and cranberries. The rest of the microelements the body will receive along with barley or amaranth porridge, as well as with products made from soy milk.

Fish and other "marine inhabitants" during theGreat post is allowed to eat only twice, and after all seafood is the main source of iodine for our body. Lack of iodine and other elements will help to fill the sea kale. There is no laminaria only polyunsaturated fats, which we also need. To make up for their lack, it is recommended to fill vegetable salads with unrefined rapeseed or linseed oil. Knowing how to fast properly, you will bring not harm, but the benefit to your body.

Now turn directly to the Great Post. In addition to the general laws of observance of posts, there are rules specific only for him. So, let's take a closer look at how to fast in Lent. During the first and last - the Passionate - the week of Lent, the strictest abstinence is practiced. Products must be eaten raw, bread - only lean, and no tea or compote. No product appearing on the table these days should be heat treated. On other days of fasting, one can eat exclusively vegetarian food. Vegetarian dishes can be made with sunflower oil only on weekends. Mussels, squid, shrimps and other seafood are not considered fish, so some believers eat them on Sunday and Saturday. For the fishing days only Palm Sunday and Annunciation.

Of course, during the entire post should abstain from alcohol, smoking and sexual life. Abstinence will purify the body, daily prayers, confession and communion will purify the soul and strengthen the will of man.

The future depends on how to fast properlyhealth, therefore, it is not recommended to observe fasting to chronic sick, breastfeeding and pregnant women, children, and also to those who are going on a long voyage. But sick angina or ARVI, people with joint diseases, high cholesterol and a penchant for completeness, the post will help to eliminate health problems.

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