Women's monasteries. Pokrovsky Women's Monastery
There is an opinion that the monastery is leavinghopelessness. A person is overtaken by despair from unhappy love, financial problems or any other difficulties, and he decides to renounce the world, to leave, to hide from prying eyes. But is it? Not at all. In this article, we will look at some women's monasteries in which strong people live their lives, called to serve God.
Before turning to the consideration of femalemonasteries, let's understand, what is a monastery? Such words as "monk", "monasticism", "monastery", have one basis. They all originated from the Greek word "monos", in the meaning of "one". Accordingly, the "monk" is a person who lives in solitude.
How did the first male and female monasteries arise?The history of their appearance is quite interesting. Some people preferred to live in seclusion, shutting themselves off from the outside world so that no one disturbed them to reflect on God's covenants, to hear them, to live according to His laws. Over time, they found like-minded people, students, began to create certain communities. Gradually such communities, united by interests, way of life and ideas, became larger. There was a joint farm.
Usually both male and female monasteriesare behind high walls. The person who comes there sees nothing but the faces of his brothers and sisters. In fact, the monastery is a kind of saving island among storms of worldly problems.
Female Intercession Monastery
The Holy Protection Convent was foundedprincess of Kiev Alexandra Romanova. In the 30s of the XIX century she moved there to live with some sisters. This woman has invested all her resources and resources to establish a life in the monastery. The town of the nunnery included a hospital, a parish school for girls, a shelter for orphans, poor children, blind and terminally ill people, and much more.
With the advent of Soviet power, the monastery was closedand plundered, many icons destroyed, the church beheaded. By 1941, workers lived there. Also on the territory of the monastery there was a book depository, nurseries, a printing house.
In October 1941, the monastery revivedmonastic life. An outpatient clinic was set up here, the doctors of which saved lives of many people during the occupation. They issued certificates to people about incurable diseases, thereby saving them from export to Germany for hard labor.
Now the Pokrovsky monastery is one of the main sights of Kiev, people come here not only from Ukraine, but also from abroad.
Holy Iberian Women's Monastery
This monastery is quite young, its historybegan in 1997, when, with the blessing of the Donetsk and Mariupol Metropolitan Hilarion, a stone was laid in the wasteland near the airport for the construction of the temple.
The first in the women's Iberian monastery settledsister of the Holy-Kasperovsky monastery, led by the elder nun Ambrose. It was not easy to live a monastery, but thanks to the daily prayers of sisters, to labor and perseverance, to skilful management, the economy was gradually being adjusted.
Monastic life passes by the old Orthodoxtraditions. Nuns work on land, growing vegetables and fruits. The whole territory of the monastery is buried in greenery and flowers. In addition to the garden, the sisters work in the refectory, in the temple in obedience, in the choir and in the prosphoron.
In the monastery there is a good tradition - reading the Psalms about the living and the dead. This, according to the sisters, and drives away evil, and enlightens man.
It was founded in 1904. Located in the center of the city of Chernivtsi. Its founder, Anna Brislavskaya, was the widow of a colonel. Wanting to spend the rest of her life praying for her deceased husband, she bought a plot of land and erected cells for beggars and old people, as well as two churches.
Now in the monastery are tworefectory, Holy Trinity Cathedral with an underground temple, monastic cells, a building in which workshops and offices are located, a boiler room with a warehouse and other business premises. The temple houses the relics of the holy Yosemite martyrs, the New Kukshi, the oak cross consecrated in Jerusalem and much more. In it daily services cope.
Monastery at Pokrovskaya Gate
Stavropegial nunnery was founded in1635 by the Moscow Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich, but initially he was male. Before the monastery on this site there was the Pokrovskaya parish church. Until 1929 the monastery went through many things: perestroika, the erection of a new bell tower, repeated re-consecration. In 1929 it was closed. They broke the park of culture in the place of the cemetery nearby. The buildings of the monastery were adapted for state institutions, there were located a gymnasium, a printing house, a library.
In 1994, the Holy Synod adopteddecision to resume the activities of the monastery. In recent years, the monastery has been practically restored by joint efforts. The former abbess of the monastery, the blessed Matrona, helps all who turn to her for help through prayer. The doors of the monastery are open daily for everyone who wants to visit it.
How to become nuns?
How do women's monasteries prepare nuns? First of all, a novice, wishing to devote herself to monasticism, undergoes a kind of probationary period, which lasts for 3-5 years (depending on the available spiritual upbringing). The abbess of the monastery monitors the performance of the obedience entrusted to her sister, judges her willingness to take vows, and then writes a petition to the ruling bishop. According to his blessing, the confessor of the monastery makes tonsure.
There are three stages of monastic vows:
- tonsured in his robe;
- tonsured into the mantle or little khasmoth;
- tonsured in goroskhimnitsy.
The first degree of monasticism is in tonsurein the cassock. The sisters receive the cassock herself, a new name may be offered, but she does not give monastic vows. During the tonsure, vows of obedience, chastity, renunciation of the external world are accepted into the mantle. A nun can become a woman of at least 30 years of age, fully aware of the consequences of her actions.