What is the Greek goddess Nick? Sculptures and temples
Perhaps today it is difficult to meet a person,who knew nothing about the ancient Greek mythology and the gods mentioned in it. With the inhabitants of Olympus, we encounter on the pages of books, in cartoons and in feature films. Today, the heroine of our story will be the winged goddess Nika. We offer a closer look at this inhabitant of Ancient Olympus.
Goddess Nick: description
In ancient Greek mythology, her name sounds the same,as "Nike". She is the goddess of victory and is the daughter of Titan Pallant and the monstrous creature Styx, personifying primitive horror. Nick was brought up with one of the most revered in ancient Greek mythology, the goddesses of war and wisdom - Athena. She was an ally of the great Zeus in his struggle against the Giants and Titans. The Greek goddess Nika accompanies Athena everywhere, helping her in her affairs. By the way, in the Roman mythology Victoria corresponds to it.
What does Nick symbolize?
This goddess is the personification of a happyoutcome and positive result in any case. Nika takes part not only in military actions, but also in sports, music and religious events, organized on the occasion of success. We can say that Nick, rather, symbolized the very fact of a perfect victory, rather than any actions and steps that led to it.
The image of the goddess
Most often this heroine of Greek mythologydepicted with wings and in a pose of rapid movement above the surface of the earth. An inherent attributes of Nicky are a bandage and a wreath. Later they were joined by a palm tree, as well as a trophy and weapons. Sculptors, as a rule, portrayed this goddess as a participant in the festival or rite of sacrifice, or as a messenger of victory. At her most often there is an attribute of Hermes - a staff. The goddess of victory, Nick, then appears affectionately nodding to the winner, then hovers weightlessly over him, as if crowning his head, then he drives his chariot, then stabs the animal during the sacrifice, then builds the trophy from the weapon of the defeated enemy. Her sculptures almost always accompany the sculptures of the great Zeus and Athena Pallada. In them, Nick is depicted in the hand of more significant Olympic gods.
In honor of Nicky was named opened in 1891asteroid. XXXIII Orphic hymn is also dedicated to the winged goddess of victory. In addition, her name was taken as a basis for creating the name of the American sports brand "Nike".
Temple of Nicky Ateros
One of the largest preserved to this day place of worship of this goddess is located in the Athenian Acropolis. It has the name "Temple of Nicky Ateros". Also sometimes it is called "Temple of Nicky-Athena".
The structure is located on a steep hillon the right side of the central entrance (Propylae). Here the locals worshiped the goddess in the hope that she would contribute to a positive outcome in the long war against the Spartans and their allies (the Peloponnesian War).
In contrast to the Acropolis itself, which can bewas to enter only through the central entrance, the sanctuary of the winged goddess was accessible. This temple was built by the famous architect of Ancient Rome called Kallikrat between 427 and 424 BC. Previously, this place was the sanctuary of Athena, which was destroyed by the Persians around 480 BC. The building is amphiprostil - a type of temple in Ancient Greece, both on the front and the rear facade of which in one row there are four columns. The stylobate of the structure consists of three steps. Friezes are decorated with sculptural reliefs depicting Zeus, Poseidon and Athena, as well as scenes of military battles. The originals of the surviving fragments of these scenery are currently stored in the British Museum, while in the Greek church one can see only copies.
Like most of the Acropolitical buildings, the templeNicky was erected from the Pentelikon marble. A few years after the completion of its construction, the building was surrounded by a parapet in order to protect people from a possible fall from a high cliff. Inside the temple was a statue of Nicky. In one hand she held a helmet (a symbol of war), and in the other hand - a grenade (a sign of fertility). Unlike most adopted images, the statue did not have wings. This was done on purpose - so that the victory never left the city walls. Actually, therefore, the structure was called the temple of Nicky Asperos, that is, the wingless victory.
This sculpture is another imagethe Olympic goddess, who came down to us from ancient times. Its shards in the amount of more than 200 pieces were brought to Paris from Greece by the archaeologist Charles Shampoizo in 1863. Thanks to the painstaking work and efforts of the restorers, a magnificent statue revived from them. Despite the fact that the goddess Nika was deprived of hands and head, as well as one wing (which was eventually made of plaster), she won all the connoisseurs of art and has been for many decades one of the most valuable exhibits of the Louvre.