Carbohydrates are an important element of a healthy diet
There are two types of carbohydrates: digestible and indigestible. Together with proteins and fats, digestible carbohydrates play an important role as energy suppliers.
Indigestible carbohydrates are so-calledcellulose. They play a special role in the diet, since dietary fibers have a stimulating effect on peristalsis, adsorb cholesterol and toxic substances, provide the most suitable conditions for the normal functioning of the intestine.
Carbohydrates are also necessary for interaction with poisonous compounds formed in the liver. They help to transform them into easily soluble and harmless substances.
The bulk of carbohydrates, used for food, are used for active brain activity, but this does not mean that now you need to eat sugar in all its manifestations.
By the complexity of the structure, the speed of assimilation andsolubility carbohydrates in food are divided into monosaccharides (galactose, fructose, glucose) and disaccharides (lactose and sucrose). Also, simple carbohydrates include concentrated and isolated varieties that are abundantly contained in food susceptible to chemical treatment, as well as in sweets and refined sugar.
Complex carbohydrates include polysaccharides (glycogen, starch, fiber, pectic substances. Complex carbohydrates are a complex set of them, which is contained exclusively in natural products.
For simple carbohydrates it is easydissolve in water and very quickly assimilated. They have a pronounced sweet taste and belong to different types of sugar and sweeteners. The most common representative of simple carbohydrates is refined sugar.
If an adult or child has a predilection forsweet - it's just as dangerous as alcoholism. At first it is tasty, and then dependence appears. Because of this, many sweethearts have dizziness, fatigue, insomnia, headaches, depression, blurred vision and obesity. All this signals a metabolic disorder.
Excess carbohydrates in the body is the causeincrease the level of sugar in the blood, and most of it is not used by the body, but is stored in fat cells. Full people often eat not so much, but a breakdown in metabolism causes a certain imbalance in the circulation of undigested substances, and they are deposited in the form of cellulite and fat.
The most terrible thing that simplecarbohydrates - is the formation of various brain tumors and atherosclerosis. Also, an excess of sugar badly affects the work of the intestinal microflora. Increased putrefactive processes, developing flatulence.
To reduce the negative impact of sugar, it is necessary to exclude it from the diet, replacing it with fresh vegetables, salad, fruits, potatoes, legumes, cheese and nuts.
Complex carbohydrates are the sources of energy that are optimal for our body. In the body, they can only get through food that has a high protein content.
The human body is not able to storeglucose, so it is necessary to maintain its level regularly. This does not mean that it must be consumed in its pure form. It is better to get it in complex compounds, for example, starch, which is abundant in corn, potatoes, fruits and vegetables. All these products are just a storehouse of fiber, vitamins and trace elements that effectively fight diseases.
Carbohydrates are an indispensable source of nutrition forthe brain and the entire nervous system. Complex carbohydrates are digested much longer than simple ones, since they are gradually released from plant fibers. This allows you to keep blood sugar levels and does not cause a sharp jump in insulin.
But it is worthwhile to be cautious, as excessive consumption of dietary fiber can lead to a decrease in the digestibility of proteins, minerals and fats, and also provokes flatulence.
The lack of carbohydrates in food often leads toloss of fatty deposits. Therefore, those who want to lose weight can exclude the carbohydrates of their diet, but in this case the energy for the organism will come from proteins and fats, as a result of which the metabolism is broken.
Carbohydrates are an indispensable element for the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, so a lack of them can lead to constipation, polyps and even colon cancer.
Vegetables, fruits, cereals and nuts nourish the bodya sufficient amount of carbohydrates. This not only provides the brain with good nutrition, but also reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, diabetes and coronary heart disease.