The East is a delicate business, or what the Indian ornament will tell us about
The bright and striking beauty of India's nature was foundits reflection in various forms of decorative folk art. However, a significant influence on the Indian ornament used to decorate fabrics and ornaments, furniture and dishes was rendered by religion practiced in this or that region of this multi-ethnic and multi-confessional country.
In that part of India, where the main religion isIslam, the most widespread, as well as in other Muslim cultures, were plant and geometric ornaments. It is due to the fact that in this religion there is a ban on the image of the face of Allah, people and animals. Indian masters have reached the highest level of skill, creating plant patterns. The most loved and popular are the sacred lotus flower, symbolizing the creative origin, carnation and mango fruit, pomegranate. Often the patterns include images of trees - palms and cypress.
Thus, in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, the mainIndian ornament - flower garlands and medallions. And also the Tree of Life, borrowed from Persian culture. Such ornaments and patterns do not only affect everyday objects, they also decorate walls in houses, decorate fabrics and use them in the traditional art of drawing henna - mehendi. Among all the variety of plant patterns, one should distinguish such an Indian ornament as the buta, better known in Europe under the name "paisley".
Buta is a very important symbol, meaning in the Indian culture a fire.
No less popular and widely distributed are various geometric Indian patterns and ornaments, among which one can distinguish "gyasir" - fish scales, "dzhali" - lattice.
In Central India and Rajasthan, where a largepart of the population professes Buddhism and Hinduism, the decor uses vegetative and geometric patterns. And also images of animals such as elephants, camels and lions, and birds, usually parrots and peacocks with loose tails - symbolizing well-being and prosperity.