Ville Lipatov: biography, works
Soviet writer Vil Lipatov immediatelyis associated with the famous and popular heroes he created - Aniskin and Stoletov. Interestingly, the images of all the negative characters of his works are written off from real people. By the most vivid works, wonderful Soviet films were created. For the film "And this is all about him," Lipatov was awarded the Lenin Komsomol prize (1977). The writer also received the first prize of the All-Union Contest named after Nikolai Ostrovsky (1974). In addition, in the arsenal of the writer - the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for his contribution to the development of Soviet literature.
Lipatov Vil Vladimirovich
He was born in Chita on April 10, 1927 inintelligent and educated family. His father worked in the local newspaper "Transbaikalian worker", his mother was a teacher of Russian language and literature in an ordinary school.
In 1942, after school, Vil Lipatov saw himselfan officer, so he entered the Institute of Military Engineering in Novosibirsk, but then dramatically changed plans. It was then that he showed his talent as a writer, and he transferred to the Pedagogical Institute of Tomsk for the historical department.
While at the junior courses, Vil Lipatov begins to work in the local newspaper Krasnoye Znamya, where his very first stories, Two in Vests, The Airplane Fireman (1956), and so on, were published.
In 1958, he was back in his native Chita, wherebegan to work as a literary secretary of the newspaper publishing house "At the fighting post." And from 1964 to 1966 he was a special correspondent for the newspaper Sovetskaya Rossiya. But then fate threw him to Bryansk (in 1965). In 1967, he found himself in Moscow, where he worked in the newspapers Izvestia, Literaturnaya Gazeta and Pravda.
In recent years he was secretary of the board of the Writers' Union of the USSR. Lipatov was married to Maria Kozhevnikova - the daughter of the famous writer V. Kozhevnikov.
The famous writer died on May 1, 1979 and was buried at the Kuntsevo Cemetery in Moscow.
Vil Lipatov: books
The first book - Lipatov's story "Six" - came out1958 year. It was written in the spirit of Soviet "production" prose. The plot describes how brave drivers during a powerful storm were able to pass through the taiga to the necessary logging machinery.
In overcoming difficulties, a person grows stronger,and grows as a person, especially when it happens in the work collective. The subject of labor exploits and the relationship of the individual with other people determines the subjects of the following novels by Vilya Lipatov: "My burden does not pull", "Captain of the Bold" (1959), "Deaf Mint" (1960), "Tooth of Wisdom" and " Rod "(1961)," The Death of Yegor Suzun "and" Black Yar "(1963)," The Earth is not on whales "(1966).
In 1964, Vil Lipatov wrote the story "Alien", "which sparked a heated discussion among critics, as it touched upon the psychology of the modern bourgeois. However, the all-Union fame to him, as a writer, brought a series of stories about the operative-authorized Aniskin (1967-1968).
The works of Lida Warxin (1968)), "The Tale of the Director Pronchatov" (1969) and others very clearly presented the style and direction of the author's prose - essay-documentary. Social conflicts, the images of heroes and, most importantly, the trust in a person who is always able to correct in the process of collective work and apply the right approach to any problem and establish their relations with colleagues is the main theme of the author's works.
Gradually, its relevance, simplicity and clarity to the factual narratives led to increased social criticism.
In the late sixties, Vil Lipatov was one of the firstwriters who specifically hinted at the problems of society on the examples of their heroes - honest Aniskin and engineer-manager Pronchatov, forced to wriggle out and violate public rules in order to benefit people. This approach immediately provoked polemical attacks against the village investigator and an enterprising Siberian Ostap Bender.
Next, Lipatov undertakes to write novels "Andit's all about him "(1974) and" Igor Savvovich "(1977). They describe the shadow economy and bureaucracy, and therefore the fatalities of the positive hero of the young Komsomol member Yevgeny Stoletov and the inevitability of the defeat of Igor Savvovich.
But in the works "Even before the war" (1971), "The Life of Vanyushka Murzin," eternal human values are established - honesty, work, true love, a close family.
In the work "Gray Mouse" (1970)) the author with great sadness and even pain watches the fate of the weakly characterized Semyon Balandin, who destroys his "I" with vodka. This hero resembles Shukshin's truth-seekers. He can not find an application for himself, his inventions and projects, and therefore he is asleep.