Aristarkh Vasilievich Lentulov: biography
Aristarkh Vasilievich Lentulov - the famous Russianartist. He was nicknamed a sun artist for his extraordinary passion for portraying this luminary in his works. Many critics and art critics compare Lentulov with Matisse. This man left an indelible mark on the history of Russian and world painting.
Beginning of life
The future creator was born on April 16, 1882 ina small village of the county of Penza province in the priest's house. The father died when the young talent was 2 years old. Mother sincerely wanted his son to work in the church, and the woman gave him to study the spiritual sciences. However, the future artist did not like this prospect, and he stopped his studies.
After escaping from the seminary, the painter enters thelocal Penza Art School. Possessing an innate gift, he easily mastered the program. After some time, the future talent decides to try his luck in Kiev, enters the art school. He is being expelled from the educational institution in connection with a violent wayward character. The fact is that the student decided to correct the plein air of Professor Seleznev, for which he had to pay a deduction.
Returning to the previous place of training, AristarchusVasilievich Lentulov does not lose heart. He receives a certificate in 1905 and goes for new opportunities to St. Petersburg, where he decides to enter the Academy of Arts. The attempt ends unsuccessfully. During the exam, the professor made a note to Lentulov, the teacher considered it inappropriate to use the green tint in writing the human face. To which the applicant replied: "Do not you see the green there? In that case, I'm sorry for you! "The professor's reaction was quite predictable. But this incident brought benefit to the young creator, he was noticed by Dmitry Kardovsky and offered to attend lectures on a free basis, without enrolling and issuing a diploma.
Young talent continues to improve, inIn 1910, he was waiting for a new Higher Educational Institution in France - the Academy of Arts La Palette. He is exposed to the ideas of Cubism, which in the future will greatly affect the works of Aristarkh Vasilyevich Lentulov. The training lasted until 1912, after which the painter returned to Russia.
"Jack of Diamonds"
In 1908, the artist decides to moveto Moscow. In the capital, together with Mikhail Larionov and David Burliuk, he is working on organizing the exhibition "The Knave of Diamonds", which featured works of art of a new genre. The creators made an open protest against the realistic images of that time. Even the name sounded unusual. Larionov himself claimed: "Too many pretentious names ... as a protest we decided, the worse, the better ... what could be more absurd than the" Jack of Diamonds "?" In fortune tellers, this card symbolized youth and beauty, while convicts, on the contrary, were ephemeral. Such a dual designation they decided to give to their event. This was the first show of paintings of the new generation.
The artists touched the attention of the public,visitors were more than two hundred people. This breathed life not just into an exhibition, but into a full-fledged artistic organization. In the future, it will be joined by Malevich, and Kandinsky, and Goncharova.
It was a whole community with its charter,goals and objectives. They delivered various reports and presentations, they tried to educate the modern public about art.
For bubnovaletsev still life has become a favorite genre, and the tray - one of the main distinctive items in the picture.
Some representatives of this current could write several completed paintings in a week. This is due to the fact that they neglected the proportions and perspective, which greatly accelerated the work process.
There were exhibited paintings not only of Russian contemporaries, but also avant-garde works of foreign colleagues. Such events were very popular.
The society lasted for six years and disintegrated intocommunication with the disagreements of participants. Its continuation is the organization "Moscow painters", where, of course, Aristarch Vassilyevich entered in due time.
Years of creativity
In 1907, he made new acquaintances with such famous people as Natalia Goncharova, Nikolai Kulbin, David and Nikolai Burliuk. He takes part in the first exhibition for him called "Crown".
In 1908, Lentulov Aristarkh Vasilyevich finishes the painting "Portrait of the Four". In addition, it creates landscapes and open air.
During his stay in Paris, he changes his style,gets acquainted with the "Puteaux" community. The Academy of La Palette, in which the painter studied, was led by the cubists J. Metzinger and Le Fauconnier, with these people Aristarkh Vasilievich Lentulov gets acquainted. The artist is struck by such trends as cubism, and he is actively mastering this style. Establish friendly communication with Fernand Leger and Henri le Fauconnier. In that period, the painter is fascinated by the works of Eugene Delacroix and Theodore Gericault, and the French artist Robert Delone has a special influence.
Upon arrival from Paris, Lentulov had even morethe art of painting is perfected. He writes freely, simply, provocatively. Of course, one can see the similarity with his foreign friends. In 1912, the painting "Allegory of War" was painted. One of the students, looking at this work, said: "I will voluntarily sit in prison for 2 weeks, if the author explains what is depicted here." The creator accepted the challenge, but, alas ... the young man did not appear at the trial. In those years, society with caution took such an art, because for the Russian people it was something new and yet unknown.
From 1912 to 1914, Aristarkh Vasilyevich actively takes a great interest in shapeless still lifes and landscapes of Moscow.
In 1915 he created his self-portrait "The Greatartist". The portrait absolutely corresponds to reality, the creator and in life was as good-natured, broad-shouldered, awkward hero. And the colors of the work convey the very sun that emanated from him from the inside.
The revolution of 1917 also affected the paintings of the painter. Based on the emotions caused by the February events, he writes the picture "The World. Celebration. Liberation. "
The most famous work of the early 20-ies is the next self-portrait. He was already more reserved, but still filled with Cubism.
20-30 years. Aristarkh Vasilievich Lentulov completely changes his handwriting. It is believed that this is a normal transition to maturity and there is nothing special about this. Now his paintings are written in the style of socialist realism. However, critics notice that the sun has left the works.
In 1933 the first exhibition of the artist was held. Unfortunately, this was the only such event that took place during the life of Aristarkh Vasilyevich.
In 1908, after moving to Moscow, the cubist married a young girl Maria Rukin, with whom he was happy throughout his life.
He had a single daughter - Lentulova Marianna, who followed in the footsteps of her father and went into art. Only, unlike Aristarchus, she is an art critic.
That's how the personal life of the famous creator passed. Without special adventures and stories.
The canvas "Church in Alupka". The painting was sold for 3.5 million dollars in 2013.
Unusual author's style
Even in his early works, a dominant role is played by pure colors. To enhance the impression of the works, the author adds scraps of cloth, pieces of foil and colored paper.
Alexander Benois himself noticed the talent of Aristarkh Vasilyevich. The critic said that these works amuse the heart and soul.
Lentulov's paintings are filled not only with light, but withmore and sound. Looking at them creates the feeling that the city now comes alive and zagudit in the turmoil of everyday life. Music filled the canvas for a reason. The author had the talent not only to draw, but also had excellent musical data. He always hummed while working. Marianna claimed that the father could perform the whole aria by heart, while creating another masterpiece.
Since 1918 the artist has become a teacher. He taught at the Stroganov School and had a subordinate workshop in VHUTEM. And also was a member of the board of the ISS of the People's Commissariat for Education.
Lentulov becomes closer to the theater, he approaches the director Tairov and actress Koenen.
His first practice of decoration is the play "Tales of Hoffmann." After receiving approval after the first attempt, he takes up the second.
His next work is the scenery foropera A. Rubinstein's "The Demon." The premiere took place in 1919 and was a success for a long time. Six years later the models took the prize at the International Exhibition.
End of life
In 1941, when the Germans were advancing, peopleevacuated from Moscow. Lentulov went with the workers of culture. However, even at the very beginning of the journey, he fell seriously ill and left the crew, together with his family. They stopped in Ulyanovsk, where they lived a whole year. Then they returned to the capital, where the painter underwent a serious operation. April 15, 1943, we left the famous Russian painter Lentulov Aristarkh Vasilyevich.