Poem NA Nekrasov "Knight for an hour": analysis according to plan
An analysis of the poem "The Knight for an Hour" showssincere, conscientious confession of the lyric hero, who completely reveals his soul to the reader. Below we will consider in more detail all aspects of the poem-entreaty.
History of creation
In 1860 N.A.Nekrasov decided to write an autobiographical large poem "Knight for an hour." The main character in it wore the name of Valezhnikov. But only the first part was created - "On the Volga" - and the second, which we will consider. The confessional poem "Knight for an hour", the analysis of which will be made below, was first called "Insomnia." It was written in 1862 and published in Sovremennik with bills for censorship in 1863. These were difficult years for the poet. Belinsky and Dobrolyubov have already died. The poet departs from the liberals and converges with the revolutionary-democratic movement. But it was crushed, Mikhailov and Chernyshevsky were exiled to Siberia. Lonely lyrical hero is only "good impulses". He is not ready for a difficult struggle, the author notes bitterly, and nothing can be done. The poem was created after N. Nekrasov visited the village of Greshnevo, where his childhood passed.
Genre of the poem
"Song of Repentance" - so A.N.Nekrasov called his deep and bitter confession-pleading. It contains elegiac, satirical and lyrical notes. Nekrasov - the first writer who combined these motifs in one work.
Composition and theme of the work
The name is the key to the theme of the poem Knightfor an hour ", the analysis of which we have to do. The magazine "Contemporary" in the 60 years split into two parts: liberal and revolutionary-democratic, calling for active struggle. N. Nekrasov supported raznochintsev. An analysis of the poem "The Knight for an Hour" shows that the author accused first of all himself, and later - of his contemporaries ("insignificant tribe") in that they are not devoted enough to the struggle for the freedom of the oppressed people: many beautiful and correct words are said, but for they are not worthy of real deeds. His "mind yearns," and no one is ready for a difficult struggle. The beginning of the poem is insomnia, which overcomes the lyric hero.
The first part - forced walk late autumn night.
The second takes him to distant native places, and before him stands the image of a long-deceased mother.
In conclusion, waking up in the morning, the hero realizeshis unwillingness to struggle hard: the flame of youth awakened, but the "mocking inner voice" angrily advises to submit to fate, since there is no power for deeds.
The topic is revealed as confession, as repentance in inactivity.
The main idea: knowing its purpose, one should not succumb to a momentary impulse, but systematically and purposefully act for the sake of social transformations.
The introduction of the seven lines explains why notsleeps "knight for an hour." An analysis of his feelings demonstrates that, like in nature, darkness reigns over the soul, the mind yearns, and only one way out is to go for a walk in the chill.
And then he went out. It's a frosty night. The observation of nature rejuvenated the soul of the hero. He takes everything he sees, and he rejoices that tonight he will not languish.
The second part
Behind the village on a low mountain, he sees an old church. He mentally sees how the old bell-ringer rises to the bell tower and counts the bells after him. Midnight. Mother's grave.
The final lines
The epilogue of the hero waking up in the morning is filled with despondency, regret and contempt for oneself. Nothing will change in his life.
And he realizes this with pain in his heart.
Analysis of the verse "Knight for an hour" (Nekrasov)
The three-legged anapaest was used by the poet atwriting a poem. It is easy to read, since his speech is close to spoken. The landscape part is written with the use of bright epithets, metaphors, alliteration with the help of the sound "l". The image of the mother is drawn with the help of epithets. The name of the poem is also metaphorical. It emphasizes that a person forgets about the noble goals set in his youth.