The profession of the worker. Professions: list. List of working professions
The profession of the worker today has lost itspopularity. People who have specialized secondary and technical education face many difficulties both in society and in employment. Let's try to prove that having a "working" profession is not only interesting and in demand, but also useful for society and quite profitable!
Let's turn a little back
Let's look into the past century of our country. Then began the massive building of cities with high-rise buildings, old ones were restored and new factories of various production appeared, the profession of the worker was never more popular ... This was due to the fact that very few people had the opportunity to get higher education, and in the difficult post-war time, first wanted to secure themselves financially , but only later, if there was time, to study.
Then, the profession of the worker was considered honorable,was adequately paid for, encouraged in every way by the state (housing, all sorts of benefits, social assistance, etc.). However, with the advent of affordable and affordable for all higher education people working classes began to be referred to as the "working class". They simply ceased to be respected and appreciated ...
Why has the profession of the worker lost its high position among other crafts?
For the current situation there are a number of reasons, let us list them:
- Accessibility of education in higher education institutions (moreover, this has its pros and cons);
- deterioration of the conditions for work at various industrial enterprises (reduction of posts, lowering of remuneration, inadequate working conditions, etc.);
- weak involvement of schoolchildren for training in technical schools and schools (there is no worthy advertising for this kind of professions);
- in the society negative images of handymen have settled (positive characters and heroes of these professions are needed).
These reasons so far exist and will exist, there is not much that is done to eliminate them. The workman's profession, as never before, needs advertising and popularization!
Should I choose a school (technical school) as a basic education?
From the point of view of the fact that in this traininginstitution master the course of specialization much faster than in any higher, it can be advised for young people who are eager to become independent and start earning money. In addition, because of the shortage of laborers, employment will not take long. Plus, the fact that the employer will be interested in this kind of specialist will also serve, so a decent salary is provided to him.
Technologies are becoming more and moreperfect, but people of working professions are still needed in any production. It is possible right after the school to successfully find a place where the bosses will create the most comfortable working conditions. It is possible and career growth, and additional training courses, and other pleasant moments.
But do not forget that the profession of the worker in society does not yet enjoy a special prestige, and even on the state of health, it can affect any deviations from the norm.
The most popular professions for graduated vocational schools
In the modern world, only a small parthandymen is really necessary, such employees, as they say, "in weight of gold," especially if they have the talent for their craft, skills and desire to develop and grow further along the career ladder.
The branches of machine building, food industry andtextile enterprises constantly need to replenish their ranks with valuable personnel. Therefore, a young graduate of the corresponding schools and technical schools can successfully find a job, even while still a student.
Here they are - claimed professions (list):
- subsidiary workers in the field;
- drivers of cars;
- workers in the construction sector (masons, concrete workers, plasterers, etc.);
- room cleaners;
- the cook;
According to official data, there is a huge demand for such specialists, but there are very few masters of their field in these specialties.
The ranks of the working professions
For the successful employment of a person who graduated from the vocational school, it is desirable to have some level of qualification, this will guarantee him a higher pay and a better position held.
The ranks are assigned to special workerscommission and employers for the demanded ideas and many years of professional experience. You can improve your qualifications by expanding your specialization. At each production, its discharge grids are from the initial (low-paid) to the highest (demanded and valuable).
What is a classifier?
Someone or something should separate the workers according to theirspecific, adhering to specific established rules. Therefore, there is such a thing as a classifier of working professions. Let's try to understand what it is.
The classifier is a certain list of rulesby specific criteria, which was developed by the Research Institute (Scientific Research Institute), its specificity is the solution of labor and social issues. He was introduced in the USSR in 1987.
Classifier of occupations of working positionsdeals with the tasks of calculating the number of certain professional places, takes into account and distributes the staff by categories of personnel, qualifications depending on specific working conditions, comparing with the wage funds and the need for institutions in them.
All issues related to ensuring employment of the population,all the monetary charges (wages, pensions, etc.), employment, etc., are decided by the above-mentioned document. All actions are carried out according to a specific set of rules, in accordance with legal restrictions.
It is divided into sections of the profession of workers andpositions of employees. The first consists of the occupation listed in accordance with "ETKS" (a directory of works and professions). The second one was developed, relying on the "Unified Classification of Employee Professions", "Qualified Handbook of Management Positions", existing regulations and other normative documents.
All positions consist of several blocks: identification, names of classification objects and information section.
Professions in the classifier are characterized by a number of features, from types of production and classes of specificity to working conditions and the degree of mechanization.
It is in this document that you can find the most detailed information about any position and occupation.
It's time to change your eyes!
Despite the lack of prestige of workersprofessions, you should not discount this option of getting an education. Every year, good specialists become fewer and fewer. This profession begins to become rare and in demand, which, in turn, brings with it an increase in wages and an improvement in the attitude to such a specialist.
Judge for yourself: Firstly, training in a technical school takes much less time than at an institute or university, and secondly, the cost of such education is significantly lower than in higher education. Thirdly, if you have the talent for a craft, then in the future your work will bring you only pleasure, and the level of your services will be appreciated.
A good option for graduates of vocational schools isthe beginning of one's own business, the opening of a small (and, in the future, maybe, an average) business. It's even better to work for yourself much more pleasantly and profitably than for any organization.
In general, the pluses of working professions, as they say, are "obvious", but the choice is always yours!