Modeling is an important process


A model is a new object that reflects all the mainfeatures of the subject that is being studied. In all spheres of science they are examined from different angles. The same object can have several models, while their array can be reflected in one. It is necessary for us to have the opportunity to present or describe something. For example, when developing a new aircraft engine, designers should test its process in complex flight conditions. After all, to realize such a reality is to endanger the test pilot. Therefore, possible flight conditions can be simulated on special stands.

simulation is

It follows that modeling is security and a wide range of conditions. Any model, one way or another, must match the object, and it can be similar to it by:

  • appearance;
  • structure;
  • behavior.

Modeling is the main method of cognition,which consists of the creation and exploration of objects. It is used to obtain complete information about the process being studied, which is necessary for the optimal solution of the tasks posed. But at the same time, no model can replace a real event. Only when solving specific problems can it be useful, and sometimes the only tool for research.

system modeling

Simulation is:

  • replacement of the real process by imitation;
  • building a model of existing objects or events;
  • study on the created sample.

From all the above it follows that modeling is an integral part of any purposeful activity.


Modeling of systems is conditionally divided into 3 classes:

1. Material.

2. Abstract.

3. Information.

The process of creating prototypes consists of the following stages:

1. The designation of the goal.

2. Analysis of all properties of the system.

3. Identification of the most important features.

4. Select the shape.

5. Formalization.

6. Analysis of the model at the output.

7. Verification of the adequacy of the obtained sample of the system and the purpose of the entire study.

modeling and formalization

Modeling and formalization

Natural languages ​​are designed to create mapping information models. Formal ones allow building external samples. This process is called formalization.

One of the most common formal languagesis mathematical - it allows you to formulate the functionality between the quantities. In this way, Newton implemented the formalization of the heliocentric system of the world, having first discovered the law of universal gravitation and the law of mechanics and recorded them in the form of mathematical dependencies.

People use modeling andformation for the knowledge of everything around him. But what does "formalization" mean? This is the reduction of some content of the selected form. For example, the table of contents of a book is the formalization of its content part, and the text itself is a formulation through the language thoughts, reflections and ideas of the author.

The possibility of this process is based onThe fundamental position, which is called the main thesis. The essence of the object or system does not change from how we call them. And this means that they need to be named so that this name corresponds to them as much as possible. Negation of the main thesis of formalization means that the name of this object or system should express its essence. Therefore, in this case only one name should be given.

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