Windows Window: Views, Basic Elements
The name of the Windows operating system is translatedas "windows". Such variant of representation and the organization of program components and control elements allows to interact very easily and conveniently with the graphical interface of the system. Next, we will consider the main types of windows that can appear, as well as some elements and actions with them.
Windows Window: What is it?
To determine the essence of this term,proceed from his most ordinary interpretation. It is not difficult to guess that the Windows window is a rectangular area of the graphical interface on the computer monitor screen, which displays programs, documents, notifications, prompts, and so on.
All windows can be divided into two main types: with a variable and unchangeable size. A Windows window with a variable size can be found in the display of programs. Unchangeable size is mainly used for document windows, messages and tooltips.
In addition, there are some varieties of windows(most often these are messages) that can not be closed in the standard way (there is no button with a cross in the window). You can get rid of such notifications only by clicking on the special buttons inside the window. However, you can also find critical error windows that do not close at all (only forced reboot of the system helps to get rid of them)
Basic types of windows
So, what is the Windows window, figured out. Now let's look at the main types of windows that can be found in this operating system. Among the main species are the following:
- application windows;
- windows of documents;
- dialog boxes;
- windows of context menus;
- popup windows.
The windows of programs and documents that are in themare created, interrelated among themselves. But the application window can be displayed by itself (an empty document), and the document window without the program can not exist separately. This is the so-called "window in window" type. Windows 10 or any other system is a vivid confirmation.
In addition, a window in the window is oftenmeet and on the Internet, for example, when watching a movie or listening to music online, when the main window is the shell of a web browser, and as the second - built-in resource media player.
This type of windows is the largest class in the graphical interface of the system, since its operation is initially built on the execution of a program.
The windows programs of Windows-systems area certain work area in which documents are created, edited or organized and, depending on the type and purpose of the application, completely different tools and controls may be present.
Program window controls
However, for all application windows, you can select several common elements. In particular, this applies to three buttons, which are usually located in the upper right corner.
The button with a cross is designed for fastend the program. A button with two squares allows you to quickly reduce the size of the window, and then change to a button with one square to quickly deploy the main window to full screen. A button with a bottom dash serves to collapse the main window or to the "Taskbar" (but the program or the edited document remains active in the background without interfering with other processes and applications) or to the system tray.
Also any window of Windows-program or third-partydeveloper can contain a special "cap" with the name of the application itself and the name of the document, by clicking on it and holding the mouse button the window can be dragged to any area of the screen (only if the application is not currently running in full screen mode) a quick change of size by double clicking, which corresponds to pressing a button with a square or two, as mentioned above.
Below, as a rule, there is a specialpanel with the tools of the program itself, even lower is the working area of the document window, at the very bottom there is a status bar in which current information on the document itself, its parameters, current actions, etc. can be displayed, etc. In some applications it may be absent at all. In "native" Windows programs, it may also not be displayed due to deactivation.
On the sides, more often on the right (or left) and below(rarely - from the top), there are scroll bars that allow you to navigate through the invisible areas of the toolkit of the program itself or the document being edited.
Variants of representation of windows and the basic operations with them
As for the presentation and management of Windows windows, first let's look at their appearance. Depending on the OS version, they may look different.
For example, Windows 7 windows, or rather theirsome elements are semi-transparent, since initially in the interface of the system this effect is set (Aero), in Windows XP or Vista, the design is voluminous. In the eighth and tenth modifications, due to the use of the Metro interface, everything is flat.
But in terms of management, all windows have severalgeneral rules. If you do not use full screen mode, you can drag them with the left mouse button pressed anywhere in the screen, change the size horizontally and vertically, position the cursor on the side borders, or make a proportional resizing by positioning the cursor on the corner of the window.
In addition, simultaneously open windows can beactive and inactive (this can be seen by changing the color of the "cap"), but the active window is always located in the foreground. To activate an inactive window, just move the cursor to it and press the left mouse button, although you can also navigate through them with the Alt + Tab combination (in fact, this method is suitable for all programs, even if they use full-screen mode).
Finally, the button or the separately called "Collapse All Windows" command on Windows systems minimizes all active and inactive program windows in the "Taskbar".
This type of window is an exclusively work area in which you create or edit information of a certain type.
This area reacts to actions withthe main program's tools, keyboard input, or from another source. In particular, programs for creating music or editing sound perceive the signals of MIDI keyboards, connected electronic instruments, microphones or external audio inputs.
Such windows, as a rule, either already exist in some application or on an Internet resource, or the operating system displays them independently.
The essence of their appearance is that the usera certain choice of actions is provided, without confirmation of which further operation of the program or transition to the next function is impossible. Such windows can contain lists or buttons like "Yes" ("OK"), "No", "Accept", "Reject", "Ignore", "Skip", "Repeat", "Cancel", etc. In other words, from the point of view of programming, the well-known principle "yes, no, differently" is applied here.
Context Menu Window
This type of window is usually hidden from the user's eyes andis caused basically by the right click. Such menus contain some additional commands, which may not be available when using the main tools of the program.
In Windows systems themselves, additional strings are also integrated here, for example, archivers, antiviruses, unlockers, and so on.
Windows Pop-up Windows
Finally, this type of window represents all sorts of hints or notifications when making or requesting / proposing any actions.
System notifications appear most often inand are decorated in the form of yellow rectangles. Other hints can occur when you hover the cursor at a specific location in the program's working area.