Unemployment in Russia: a problem that can not be overlooked
In the modern world, the unemployment rate in the countryis one of the most significant indicators of the economy. The governments of all developed countries allocate huge amounts of money to support the labor market. But Russian politicians assert that no problem of unemployment in Russia is threatened by the population, that it does not exist. If you believe the data of Rosstat, indeed, the unemployment rate reaches only 6.5%. Let's now try to figure out what these figures hide behind themselves and how dangerous our country is unemployment.
The average unemployment rate in the European Union, despiteon a serious set of measures to protect the population, according to data for February this year reached 10.8%. That is, even in the crisis of 2008-2009, the situation was not as severe as it is now.
At the very beginning of 2012, Vladimir Putin spoke withproud of the fact that the Russian Federation has completely recovered in terms of unemployment. At the end of 2011, unemployment in Russia was only 6.2%, although back in 2009 it exceeded 9%.
According to Rosstat, todaymany regions of the country in the labor market is very tense situation. The most problematic regions of Russia are Ingushetia, where unemployment as of the first quarter of this year exceeds 48.9%, as well as Tyva, the Chechen Republic, Altai, Kabardino-Balkaria, Dagestan and other regions. The reason for the problem lies in the weak integration in the production process in some regions, as well as in overcrowding and corruption.
According to the general director of recruitingagency called Penny Lane Personnel Tatiana Obyakova, unemployment in Russia will decrease when a small business will feel more confident in the market and domestic production will be adjusted. But this will require a powerful state support. Graduates of higher education institutions and schools should be sure that they will be able to find a job in their specialty.
Also, high unemployment in Russia is observed inmost single-industry towns. Although it is worth noting that last year the situation in such facilities has improved somewhat. However, it should be clarified that progress was made possible by the outflow of labor from mono-towns to other regions. And now there was another problem: the desolation of cities, the destruction of city-forming enterprises, the decline in production and the decline in competitiveness.
The most serious problem is youth. Among graduates of high schools there is a huge unemployment. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in Russia, on average, among young people from 15 to 24 years in March 2012, unemployment reached 16.8%, in particular among the rural population - 23.5%, urban - 14.0%. Unemployment in Russia among young people is 3.2 times higher than that of the adult population. The problem is that employers do not really want to hire graduates without work experience. In addition, today almost 90% of graduates of schools enter universities because of the unfavorable image of various technical specialties. And the country's economy can not employ such a large number of young people with higher education. This is the peculiarity of unemployment in Russia among the younger generation. If in Soviet times one college had up to ten sousses, now it's about two.
To solve the problem, you need to changeattitudes toward the real masters of their business, whether it be an economist, a pastry cook or a mechanic for the repair of special equipment. The main problem is not the lack of jobs, but the lack of good specialists, especially technical specialties. After all, as a rule, to study in technical schools go only in the event that they can not do anything else anywhere. Thus, on the one hand, in Russia the overall unemployment rate is acceptable, and on the other hand, there are very serious problems that are not observed in European countries. And it is impossible to solve these problems in a short time.