Lake Cochash. Koyash Salt Lake in the Crimea
Nature is an amazing creator.It sometimes creates stunning landscapes. Koyashskoe Lake, a natural Crimean miracle, plays an incredible color palette of water. The fantastic lake has several unique factors. It is the most saline on the Crimean peninsula (salt concentration in its water is 350 g / l). In ancient times, a popular mineral was mined here. The lake is rich in medicinal mud.
Its waters, depending on the season, change color.With the onset of summer, the water mirror plays richly-colorful shades: from gently pink to intensely red and bright orange. The lushly colored waters of the lake contrast with the snow-white coastline and the blue of the Black Sea, separated from the unusual pond by a hundred-meter strip, stretching for three kilometers, - the Koyashsky peresypyu. The picturesque Koyash salt lake in the Crimea against the background of the sea and scorched steppe creates a fantastic picture.
Location of Lake Kojash
On the Kerch Peninsula, between Feodosia andKerch, near the villages of Maryevka and Yakovenkovo, the Lake Koyashsky was spread out. A unique reservoir is included in the territory of the Opuk reserve, which is located in the vicinities of Kerch. The pink lake extends over the dry and inconspicuous steppes of Cimmeria, the land and air of which are oversaturated with salts.
Once this picturesque lagoon was part of the Blackseas. The sea surf, rolling on land for two thousand years, formed a unique bay, separating it from the main water area with a narrow strip of land.
Why is the Kojash lake pink and red?
Rose-red and orange shades of the lake attachedliving in it microscopic algae, saturated with a pigment of the appropriate color scale. The characteristic color of the water is still attached to the inhabitants of an extraordinary pond - shrimp artemia. Algae that produce beta-carotene, not only stain water and salt crystals, they give them a delicate aroma of violets.
The more merciless the sun is shining, the more amazingthe lake looks. During the summer, the color of water becomes the most intense. With the evaporation of water, the salt dries. Its crystals settle on the surface of stones that rise above the mirror of the reservoir. Crystallization is so rapid that stone blocks instantly turn into salt icebergs. The edges of the lake are twitched by a snow-white edge, which, gradually expanding, captures the entire surface of the reservoir.
Water, retreating from the coast in the summer heat,transforms the surrounding landscape into a fantastic spectacle. The coast of the pink pond becomes snow-white from the crystallized salt. During this period, the Lake Koyash (Crimea) resembles the Martian landscapes. And the crystals of salt are carried by the wind along the Cimmerian steppe. Excessively saline and sun-burned steppe lands become practically lifeless, unsuitable for cultivation.
Only in the spring, until the middle of April, the expanses aroundThe pink pond is wrapped in tender greenery. In this tiny period, until the salinity in the lagoon is off scale, wild flowers and wild tulips blossom over the green carpet, and water birds arrange nests. A little more, and the water environment will become too aggressive for their normal life.
Description of the lake
The picturesque Koyash Salt Lake, formedon the site of an extinct mud volcano, is small. The reservoir covers an area of 500 hectares. In length, it stretches for four, and in width - for two with a small kilometer. The depth of the pink lake, one might say, is negligible, it barely reaches one meter.
The salinity of the lake is incredibly high - 350 ppm(350 g of salt are dissolved in one liter of water). It is a colossal chemical laboratory created by nature. Here, in a pond with an aggressive environment, as if tested for the survival of microorganisms, plants and animals. To life on the lake, various species of waders have adapted. For example, shiloklyuvki, having chosen the Koyashsky lake in the spring, live on it until the beginning of autumn.
The salt pond, Lake Koyash, is an excellentmedical source. In its basin are concentrated healing mud and brine, endowed with healing power. According to their medicinal properties, these muds are not inferior to the Saka silt sediments. The bottom of the lake is covered with valuable mud of 1.7 million m.3.
On the coast, which in the height of summer turnsin the salt desert, travelers neatly wander to the water. Otherwise, it is impossible, because the basin of the reservoir is nothing but a muffled mud volcano. A thick mud layer was deposited under the salt, not only viscous, but also unsteady in other places.
Features of the lake
The reservoir is famous for both natural andcultural and historical riches. In the era of antiquity, the city of Kimmeric was located here, so many artifacts surround the Lake of Kojash. The Crimea in this place is dotted with ancient citadels, defensive walls, altars and altars. In addition, there are preserved ancient wells and aqueducts.