Management decision is the way to achieve the goal
The managerial decision is consciouschoice, which is based on the consideration of several factors. It is adopted in the presence of several alternative options, allowing in one way or another to reduce as quickly as possible the distance that separates the organization from the goal and the desired result.
At the same time, the basis for management decisionshould be objective and complete information. Only in this case it can correspond to its basic parameters: validity, complexity, timeliness and legality. A solution may prove unsuccessful if it does not meet these criteria.
Managers always face a choice, sothe experience of the manager in these matters is very important. The probability of making an erroneous decision is less, the more decisions in general had to be made by the manager, but still no one is immune from the "failure" of choice.
Management decision: determination
There is such an understanding of managementdecision, in which it is defined primarily as a creative act, which aims at eliminating problems. However, such a definition is inadequate, since it does not take into account the relationship between the manager and the employee, as well as the time and space limits.
It is more appropriate to apply a broader definition, inwhich states that SD is a one-time act, in which the subject acts on the object, establishing a program of necessary works. These works are aimed at the realization of the goal arising from the tasks posed to the object and arisen from the actual situation at the present time.
Optimization of management decisions
To the decision of the leader was successful,it needs to be optimized. In this case, the manager analyzes many different factors that can potentially affect the result. The essence of optimization is to choose the most effective solution by one or more criteria.
Optimization is most often an expensive process, therefore it is advisable to apply it only for those solutions that are directly related to strategic tasks.
There are several optimization methods:
Simulation is to test the idea in a specific life situation. Then analyze the data and, based on this, make a prediction.
However, since decision making depends onindividuality and managerial experience, then for optimization it is possible to synthesize some variants of manager's behavior in order to find the "golden mean" and take the best option. He has such characteristics:
A managerial solution is balance. Here, the original idea is typical for the SR. Managers at the same time adhere to a critical attitude to their actions.
A management decision is an impulse. On the other hand, SD without the impulse behavior of the manager promises to be unproductive. After all, the impulse allows us to assess in more detail the features of the situation for which the solution is applied.
The managerial decision is inertia. Together with the balance and momentum,the optimal management decision must have the features of inertia, but if it prevails in the selection process, there is a risk of losing the originality and brilliance of the idea.
A management decision is a risk. A risky solution is inherent in self-confidentmanagers. This feature during the choice of an idea for implementation is very important, because without the risk it is impossible to introduce absolutely new technologies and make an original product. Thus, solutions freed from a share of risk, promise to become ordinary and uninteresting.
By combining these features and conducting analysis, modeling and forecasting, you can make a successful management decision.