Internal functions of the state
The essence and functions of the state are the main directions of its activity in solving the problems facing it. They are realized by inherent methods and in characteristic forms.
The internal functions of the state are the main directions of its activity in solving internal tasks. Thus, internal policy is characterized.
The main internal functions of the state are divided into regulatory and protective ones.
The first are aimed at forming a publicproduction, decent conditions for the formation of a fully developed personality and the entire society, as well as the organization of the economy in the country. Regulatory internal functions of the state include social, economic, financial control, ideological, cultural and educational.
Economic tasks include ensuringnormal development and functioning of the economic sector. The solution of these tasks is reduced to the formation and execution of the budget, the provision of equal conditions for the work of different ownership forms. In addition, the economic internal functions of the state include also the definition of the strategy of economic development in society, the establishment of legal bases, the promotion of pricing policies, business activities.
Solving social problems is aactivities, in a complex aimed at providing assistance and services to members of society. At the same time, measures are being taken to meet the needs of the population of a social nature, the necessary standard of living is maintained, optimal working conditions and wages are ensured. In addition, social functions include the provision of decent living conditions for citizens who, for objective reasons, can not work fully (pensioners, unemployed, disabled).
The tasks of financial control areaccounting and identification of income of the population, taxation. Taxes of the population are intended to cover the expenses necessary for maintaining the state apparatus, redistributing income among various categories of the population, ensuring the promising cultural, economic and other development of the country. Effective development of market relations is possible only on the basis of a stable taxation system. Thus, the fulfillment of the above tasks is the realization of the corresponding powers of the state power. At the same time, the market economy today calls for considering these tasks as specific binding relations between taxpayers and the authorities.
The cultural and educational function is called uponensure the educational and cultural level of citizens, characteristic of a civilized society. At the same time, conditions are created for the participation of the population in cultural life, the use of achievements and cultural institutions.
The fulfillment of ideological tasks consists in supporting a certain ideology, maintaining culture, organizing education.
The protective internal functions of the state are the protection of freedoms and the rights of citizens, the observance of law and order, legality and other relations regulated and established by law. These include:
- A law enforcement task aimed at strengthening law and order and the rule of law in the country. Fulfillment of this function largely depends on the observance of freedoms and rights of a citizen and a person.
- Environmental objectives are to ensure the legal regime of nature management. This function becomes very important in modern life, especially in developed countries.
- Political tasks are implemented in the relevant institutions of power, through which the provision of democracy and the direct impact of state power.