Natural and resource potential of Russia
Russia is a beautiful country with a bigterritory. It includes several time zones and natural climatic zones. The natural and resource potential of Russia is also rich and diverse. Due to this, it can provide itself with all the resources necessary for domestic consumption and use them for export. Russia is at the forefront in terms of the number of fossils in the world ranking. It is rich in deposits of coal, gas, some non-ferrous metals, ore and virtually all resources of wood, water and land.
The natural and resource potential of Russia includes alltheir types, which are currently in use, and the reserves of which assume their use in the future. The allocation of resources and their number predetermines the distribution of the country's production capacities.
The resource potential of Russia is changing as it is used. Some of the species have the property of recovering, and the number of some is reduced. Therefore, their evaluation is only relevant for some time.
Large sources are a reason for creatingindustrial centers, regions and entire economic regions. Natural and resource potential of Russia greatly influences the country's economy and its position in the world community.
Assessment of the country's natural resources includes the influence of many factors. These can be economic, technical or social characteristics.
A special place in the system of natural potentialof any country occupy fuel and energy resources. In Russia, the reserves of this raw material are distributed unevenly. Many of them are concentrated in the eastern part of the country. This is about 85% of gas reserves, 93% of coal deposits and 65% of oil reserves.
Russia has impressive resources of gas and oil. Their development is conducted in the West of Siberia, the Far East, the North Caucasus, in the Volga-Ural part of the country.
In terms of coal reserves, Russia is also among theleaders. About 23% of the world's reserves of this raw material are located on the territory of the country. They are located mainly in the east of the country (93%) and in European regions (7%). A distinctive feature of all deposits is the relatively small cost of coal mining. It depends on the method of extraction, the thickness of the formation, the quality of coal and other characteristics.
In the European part of the country are the main iron ore deposits. Here there are deposits of brown, red ore, magnetic iron ore, etc.
Of particular importance are the resources of land, water and forest resources.
The land potential of the country includes about1709.8 million hectares. Among them, at least 20% of the land used is developed. According to the size of plowed land, the country is in third place after the United States and India. The main part of the arable land falls on the Urals, the North Caucasus, the Volga region and Western Siberia.
Forest resources are the basis for many industriesindustry of the country. In addition to using them as materials for production, they perform a number of other functions. This is, first of all, the human habitat, which enriches the air with oxygen, cleans the water and makes the soil fertile. Presence of forest plantations in some measure determines climatic conditions. Russia has almost a fifth of all timber reserves in the world.
On the territory of Russia there are about 40Reservoirs, the volume of which is more than 1 cubic kilometer. In addition, there are many smaller water sources. In addition to surface water, there are also underground ones, which are also included in the natural and resource potential of Russia.
Russia has a large number ofmineral resources. More than 20 thousand deposits of various minerals have been discovered on its territory. In gold and platinum mining, it ranks second, and the first for the extraction of diamonds and silver.
Thanks to its natural potentials, Russia is the most influential power on the world market. All this allows us to restrain the country's economy, especially during the crisis.