The tasks of ecology and its structure
The concept of ecology, as a science, entered our liferelatively recently. The relationship between man and the environment has long been studied. Over time, it was noted that people have a significant impact on the state of nature. It often has negative consequences. The tasks of the ecology are to identify the factors that arise as a result of such interaction and their impact on the state of the environment.
Research in the field of ecology has become permanentsince 1900. This is the science of the interaction of all living organisms with the environment that surrounds them. It has its own structure, which depends on the object of study.
Global ecology studies the general principles of interaction of living organisms on the planet. The scope of her research includes global environmental problems and methods for their prevention.
Classical ecology examines all possiblelinks that are formed between living organisms, the environment in which they live and its features. This research concerns both the current situation and the past. Classical ecology is divided into several areas. Outecology studies the ecology of organisms. Synecology explores the ecology of communities. Population ecology is the study of populations.
Applied side of this science establishes the normNatural riches that can be used without causing great damage to the environment. The task of ecology in this direction is to maintain a viable state of the environment.
Social ecology deals with the interaction of society with the environment.
There is also a regional ecology, which explores the links of organisms with the habitat within a certain territory.
This science closely interacts with other sciences.The subject of ecology is studied in higher education institutions, since specialists in many fields should take into account and work out directions for protecting the environment in the course of their activities.
Recently, ecology has received a new round of development. This science is comprehensively developing, applying various methods and means for research. In this connection, the tasks of ecology have also expanded.
1. Development of the principles of system stability in biological communities.
2. Study of ways to adapt living organisms to their habitats.
3. Observation of the number of populations.
4. Study of the diversity of organisms living on the earth and ways to maintain their quantitative composition.
5. Investigation of the processes that take place in the environment and the development of methods for maintaining them.
6. Study of ecological systems existing on the planet and those processes that occur in them and have global significance.
7. A warning about the consequences that human activities have for the environment.
8. Taking measures to eliminate problems in the sphere of ecology and improving the state of the natural environment.
9. Study ways to rationally consume natural resources and renew the species diversity of living organisms that exist on the planet.
These are the main tasks of ecology.
Human activities in recent decadeshad a great influence on the state of the environment that surrounds it. Sometimes this interaction is catastrophic. In some cases, the environment is capable of recovering on its own. But sometimes the situation can not be corrected. These are global catastrophes, which lead to irreversible consequences.
The person first of all must take care of the surrounding nature. Ecological tasks require a permanent solution, therefore the entire world community is engaged in environmental problems.