The origin, interpretation and meaning of the word "scoundrel"
Russian speech, like the language of any people, isliving, constantly evolving instrument of human communication. Instead of obsolete terms, modern analogues come, some words change their meaning to the opposite, other lexical units remain unchanged for centuries. For example, the word "scoundrel", once sounded quite innocuous, gradually turned into a hard-hitting curse.
The meaning of the word "scoundrel" did not originally existnegative meaning. So called people of an ignorant clan, commoners. The word that came to us from the Polish language, and in Russian speech was used against people of low birth.
Also the phrase "vile people" was usedto indicate the urban or rural population subject to taxation. This group included merchants, small craftsmen, hired workers, that is, people who are free, but do not belong to a noble or boyar nobility.
Over time, the meaning of the word "scoundrel"somewhat changed and became synonymous with the definitions of "low", "low". For example, in Griboyedov's play "Woe from Wit", Sofia turns to Molchalin, kneeling in front of her: "Well, what are you doing? Do not be podsmachat! "That is, it means" you do not need to humiliate yourself. "
By the middle of the 19th century, the meaning of the word "scoundrel" was alreadyacquires a slight insulting color. Among the Russian liberal intelligentsia, this term is applied to people who are at a lower level of the social ladder. After the October Revolution, when the division into poor and rich, noble and commoners has lost its relevance, the word finally turns into a swear word. This is the name of a person convicted of unseemly acts, possessing low moral qualities, a traitor, a traitor.
The meaning of the word "scoundrel" is the dictionary of Ozhegov,released in 1949, already explains without reference to the original meaning. The corresponding article explicitly states that a scoundrel is none other than a mean man and a scoundrel. It is interesting that here is a variation of this word in the female gender with a note "prostoretchnoe", that is, a woman doing bad acts in the people called "podlyachka."
The legend of scoundrels and scoundrels
There is an alternative version that defines the meaning of the word "scoundrel". Ostensibly in ancient Russia, it was customary to betray criminals to executions, pouring cold water in a fierce frost.
And the person tied to the pillar was pouredslowly, layer by layer, until it turned into an icy statue. The executioner who carried out the sentence, that is, poured water, was called a scoundrel, and the attacker, frozen as a result of such actions, was accordingly called a scoundrel.