"Say" or "tell me": how can I still write correctly?
On the question of how to write the word correctly: "Say" or "say", you can answer that both options have the right to exist, but only if these verbs are in different morphological states.
What is known about the verb?
First, let us recall what kind of part of speech andwhat features it has. The verb refers to the significant (independent) parts of speech, means action, attitude, state. "What to do, what to do?" - the questions that are asked of him. The initial form of the verb is called an infinitive, and yet - an undefined form. The verb has an inclination, a pledge, it varies from time to time, to birth, to numbers, to persons. That is why there are various interpretations (including mistakes), how to write it correctly in one way or another: say or tell, knit or knit,
If it's a matter of inclination ...
If we are talking about the verb plural and the second person in the indicative mood (you skazhete), then, of course, it ends in -e. But if the form of the imperative mood is assumed in the verb of the second person, h, then in the word we write the ending -it. Then it is stressed: say. Thus, in order not to make mistakes in the word "say" or "say", it is necessary to determine the inclination of the verb.
The verb's face
However, a mistake can be made more likely inthe verb of indicative mood, so now we will consider an effective and simple rule that makes it easy to determine the spelling of this verb in this and other forms (for example, "say" or "say").
It's about conjugations and personal endings. They are called personal because they express one of the three persons that exist in the grammar of the Russian language - 1 st, 2 nd or 3 rd. For example, the verb is used in the form of the 2nd. in the phrase "what do you say?". How the ending is spelled here will prompt conjugation. There are only two verbs in the Russian language.
Linguists portray it as a Roman numeral I. To this group of verbs are words that in an indefinite form end not on to bear. These include verbs ending in to be (to order), -Youth (to pull), to have (collect), to wash (swim), -one (grind), to take (sow), -t (sewing) and others. The "tell" lexeme also refers to the group of words of the first conjugation. In addition, the category of the first conjugation includes 2 words ending in to bear: "Lay", "shave".
The personal endings of the verbs I conjugations are distributed thus:
|1||(I will say), -yu (stela)||-em (say, a stele)|
|2||-you (say, you're making it)||(say, a stetho)|
|3||-et (say, steklet)||-out (they will say), -youth (stew)|
Conjugation the second
It is usually denoted by the Roman numeral II. To this category are verb-words, in infinitive ending in to bear: give, cut, wound and others. In addition to them, the group of the second conjugation is adjoined by 11 verbal words ending in to have or to be. To be easier to remember, they were rhymed:
drive, watch, see, see,
breathe and hear, hate,
and to offend yes to suffer,
and to depend and twirl.
Personal endings of verbs II conjugations look like this:
|1||(breathe), -yu (pray)||(breathe, pray)|
|2||-you (breathe, pray)||-it (breathe, pray)|
|3||-it (breathe, pray)||-at (breathe), they-pray (pray)|
"Tell me" or "tell me" - how to find the right letter?
A simple algorithm in five steps helps to find out which letter should be assumed in the word, concerning which there are doubts.
- Step one - translate the verb into an undefined form: say.
- Step two - I highlight the suffix and the ending: -Auth.
- Step Three - I find out that the verbs of I conjugation end like this.
- Step four - find out whether the word refers to exceptions: in this case, no.
- Step five - I find in the table that in the form of interest (unit, 2 nd), the lexeme ends in you, then I write you will say.
We may be confused by the word "hurt". If we decide that the lexeme ends in-and take it to the second conjugation, then we run the risk of making a mistake in writing the 3rd form., Pl. h. However, this word belongs to the group of the first conjugation, and the initial form for it is the word "hurt".
Sometimes we deal with reflexive verbs,then it is necessary to mentally discard the return postfix -s and in the rest determine the spelling by the algorithm. For example, how to write a verb in a sentence: "It's easy to breathe ... after the rain"? We will reason this out. We delete the postfix -sya, we get the word "dis ... t". Let's translate into the infinitive: "breathe," the word ends in -at, must refer to the first conjugation, but it is included in the number of words-exceptions, and therefore belongs to the second conjugation. According to the rule, in this form (unit, 3rd year), you should write the letter and: breathes. Therefore, the reflexive verb in the sentence is written like this: "It's easy to breathe after the rain".
We figured out how to write a verb:"Say" or "say" if it is used in speech in the indicative mood, and also disassembled some other examples. The spelling of the lexemes of this part of speech in cases when the vowel does not have an accent is subject to the rule of two verbal conjugations.