Literary analysis of the poem "The Word" Gumilev Nikolai
The theme of this article is an analysis of the poem "The Word". Gumilev - a bright figure in Russian literature, without which it is impossible to imagine the poetry of the Silver Age. His works are characterized by extraordinary brightness and strength of lyrical pressure. The poem to which this article is devoted is a reflection on the nature of the word and its effect on the fate of man.
"The Pillar of Fire"
The adventurous traveler and dreamy romantic was Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev. The poem "The Word" is one of his later works. It was written in the year of the poet's death.
In his youth Gumilev visited bright southern countries. In his early work, colorful exotic images predominate. But there was a Russian poet not only a dreamy adventurer, but also a fearless warrior, and a man of honor. He would never have been able to renounce his comrades, and therefore was shot in 1921 for accusing him of participating in an anti-government plot.
In the late works of exotics and lyrics gave wayphilosophical theme. It can be found by analyzing the poem "The Word". Gumilev used symbols in it, but the work is still in the spirit of acmeism. The poem was included in the collection "The Fiery Pillar", which is completely imbued with philosophical ideas. From the treatment of the theme of being and symbolic images, one should begin a full analysis of N. Gumilev's poem.
The first three stanzas speak of something highand torn from the ground. The following is a relatively terrestrial situation. Being the founder of acmeism, Gumilev gave to his product the characteristic features of this direction: accuracy, clarity, clarity and certainty of images. But the poem differs from the others in the last collection by the presence of a symbolic balance between the heavenly and earthly and philosophical depiction of the balance of life and being. It contains various metaphors ("The sun was stopped by a word ...").
The acmeists did not attach so much importanceimagery. For them, the beauty of a particular metaphor was more important. The signs of an acmeic work with some features of symbolism can be seen by analyzing the poem "The Word". Gumilev did not accidentally combine these seemingly different poetic traditions. After all, thanks to the school of Symbolists, he became one of the creators of the new trend in literature.
"The Word Destroyed the City"
Nikolay Gumilev in his youth dreamed of whatever it wasbecame in distant countries. The young poet was captivated by exotics and danger. He was dissuaded, considering such adventures risky for life. But he went on a journey, wishing to enjoy the beauty of the African landscape. And then he created a number of remarkable lyrical works, filled with distant exotic images.
In 1918, Russian emigrants rushed to Europe. At home it became unsafe. But it was at this time that the poet returned to Russia from France. It was three years before his death. About the worldview of the poet in the last years of his life gives some insight into the analysis of the poem "The Word". Gumilev could not leave Russia again. The last collection of poems he could create only at home. He attached great importance to the word both in creativity and in life. In him, according to the poet, was the divine power. But it, Gumilev asserted, could be both terrible and foul-smelling.
The Word is God
As you know, times are not chosen. But they live and die in them. The poet sought to know the era in which he had to exist. Comparative analysis of Gumilev's poem "You said empty words ..." and the works to which this article is devoted, opens the poet's faithfulness to the topic of human honor. The word is not an empty phrase. And one who underestimates its significance, can generate a lot of grief and suffering. However, in a later poem, Christian motifs are seen, which previously were absent in Gumilev's work. Perhaps, in the difficult times for Russia, the only way out for the poet was faith?
The word in the Gospel and in the Old Testament is of special significance. In Christian culture it is divine. The word is truth, grace, wisdom.
When the author says that in the old daysIn a word, the sun was stopped, he thereby refers to one of the episodes in the book of Joshua. In order to defeat the enemies, the successor of Moses with the help of the divine power was able to do the impossible. He stopped the sun.
In the work there is an antithesis. Analysis of the poem by N. Gumilev "The Word" makes you think about why the author's main image opposes numbers. Their poet used as symbols. Numbers are nothing more than practical rules that people apply in low-level, unspiritual lives. In the fourth stanza, where we are talking about the gray-haired patriarch, the poet tells us that in ancient times people treated the Word with great trepidation. They tried not to use it in vain. After all, it has a great mighty power.
The word amid earthly troubles
In the fifth and sixth stanzas Gumilev depictsmodern reality. A significant union of "buts" is repeated many times. With his help, the author points to the perception of the word by modern people and those who lived in the Old Testament era. In ancient times, people valued its high significance, but over time they forgot about it. The poet felt that the time in which he lives is marked by terrible events. Something important was falling apart. Nikolai Gumilev transferred these feelings to his work. Analysis of the poem "The Word" allows you to understand the basic philosophical ideas in the mature work of the poet. The poet believed that, having forgotten the high meaning of the Word, people lost faith. The main Christian virtues were replaced by unspiritual judgments and attempts to organize an earthly life without God.
Poetry and Religion
The theme, which is touched upon in this poem,Nikolay Gumilev has devoted several articles. They occupy not the last place in his work. Believing that poetry and religion are the sides of one coin, the Russian poet spoke of the need for spiritual work. This work should not pursue an aesthetic or ethical goal, but a higher one, unknown to a simple mortal. Thanks to ethics, a person adapts to society. Aesthetics develops his ability to receive pleasure. Religion and poetry are above these categories. The inability of people to comprehend the ultimate purpose of the Word, according to Gumilev, leads to the fact that it becomes dead.
The poem "The Word" covers different epochs in thehistory of mankind. In this work, the poet speaks primarily about the high spiritual beginning of man, about forgetfulness of the spirit, which was characteristic of the time in which he lived. To save humanity can only religion and poetry - spheres that are above the ordinary mind. And their main category is the Word.