"The Wolf on the Kennels." Fable of IA Krylov
Such literary genre as fable originated4000 years ago. An ingenious allegorical narrative necessarily contains the main idea - morality. Ivan Andreevich Krylov brought this genre to Russian literature. If the first fabulists - the ancient Greek author Aesop, the German writer and playwright of the XIX century Lessing - preferred the prosaic form, then all the fables of Krylov were written exclusively in the poetic form. "The Wolf on the Kennels" - a fable of high patriotic content, written during the Great Patriotic War of 1812, at the time of Napoleon's invasion and their ignominious flight from the battlefield.
Characteristically, in school, the study of thisworks are not always accompanied by a reference to a parallel with a historical story, in which there are two main characters: the Lovchii - commander Mikhail Ivanovich Kutuzov, the Wolf - Napoleon. Meanwhile, it is in this context that one should perceive "morality of this fable". The analysis of the fable "The Wolf on the Kennels" is often done superficially, the work is presented as a fairy tale about an unfortunate wolf who, "thinking of getting into a sheepfold, got on a kennel". An unimaginable noise rose, the dogs rushed to the battle, and the Wolf in fear sat, "huddled in the corner with the backside," begins to say flattering speech about good-neighborliness. But you can not fool a Lovcha: he knows the nature of wolves well, and goes to the world, "only having removed the skin from them down."
Artistic means used by IA. Krylov, brightly reproduce the atmosphere of military battles, the mental state of the Wolf trapped in the trap, and also the anger of the kennel dwellers, where an uninvited visitor appeared. Can we more vividly describe the confrontation between the defenders of the Motherland and the aggressor, who at the first danger went back on track and even tried to reconcile - than not a wolf in a kennel? Fable - a miniature work, in importance can be compared with the action-dramatic novel or a historical story.
What is really the "Wolf on the kennels"? The fable describes the real historical fact of the times of the Patriotic War with Napoleon. Realizing that he could not beat the Russians, the emperor decided to go to the world with Kutuzov. However, these negotiations did not take place, and any attempts to conclude peace would be doomed to failure. The enemy's troops were defeated and shamefully fled, freezing in the snows of Russia and losing thousands and thousands of people. About this colorfully and metaphorically written in the satirical picture "The Wolf on the Kennels". The fable was written in the memorable year of 1812.
The fabulist transmitted his creation to the army of the greatcommander Kutuzov. The story tells that Mikhail Ivanovich, circling his regiments, invariably read to the soldiers "By the Wolf on the Kennels" by heart. The fable contains such words: "You are gray, and I, my friend, are gray." At these words Kutuzov always took off his cocked hat and showed his gray head. The enthusiasm and enthusiasm of the soldiers was beyond limit.
The meaning of this fable is so transparent andit is obvious that the author did not even accompany it with his traditional explanation - "The moral of this fable is this". The one who defends his house and his land, to win or hold by some tricks is impossible - that's the whole morality of the fable "The Wolf on the Kennels." It is timeless. Because it remains relevant to this day.