Chelyabinsk Regional Universal Scientific Library: The Day of Yesterday and Today
The list of ten largest Russian librariesChelyabinsk Regional Universal Scientific Library is also included. CHONB during its existence has made a difficult journey from the free city library-reading room to the modern information center.
ЧОУНБ in figures
- The volume of the library's universal collection is over two million items.
- The annual replenishment of the fund is 27-28 thousand copies of publications.
- The volume of electronic catalog and other own databases - over 400 thousand records.
- The annual number of users - visitors to the "publicity" site - is over 450 thousand.
- The annual number of visits is 360 thousand people.
- Visitors to public events - more than five thousand people.
- Automated workplaces - over 80.
History of the institution
Year of foundation of this oldest library in the Urals- 1898. After two years from the appearance of the volume of its fund approached the two thousandth mark. At that time, the library services were mostly used by peasants and petty bourgeoises. Management of activities and replenishment of funds was carried out by the elective council. The library received substantial assistance from the urban intelligentsia: the annual budget was half of its donations.
Among the leaders of the institution was LydiaNikolaevna Seifullina (later became a famous Soviet writer). During the war years, librarians became the place of work in hospitals, workshops at enterprises.
Since 1963 the Chelyabinsk regional universalThe scientific library began to be located on Lenin Avenue, in the very real palace. The project, begun by the Moscow architect N. Sukoyan, was continued by young Chelyabinsk graduates of the Moscow Architectural Institute B. Petrov and M. P. Mochalova. According to some researchers, architects have chosen as a model for imitation the Public Library of the American city of Cleveland. Today, the CHONB building is an architectural monument.
The library collection is represented by the raresthandwritten and printed books. Among them one can name the book "Dioptra" (1612 of the edition) and "Grammar" Meleti Smotrytsky (1648 edition). The most valuable exhibit is the Ostroh Bible by Ivan Fedorov - the Chelyabinsk Regional Universal Scientific Library acquired it in its time from the Satka residents (they found a book rarity in the things of the deceased grandmother). The year of publication of the book is 1581. At present, about three hundred surviving copies of the world are scattered around the world.
The volume of the collection of unique collections is 12thousand copies. This includes rare handwritten and printed books. In the library you can get acquainted with the books of the pre-revolutionary era, local lore literature, periodicals for the last 120 years, a collection of music editions.
Also Chelyabinsk Regional Universal Scientificthe library is proud of the remarkable collection of foreign literature. Today, more than 60,000 copies are stored here. The annual replenishment is 300-400 copies of books and periodicals.
The current state of the library
Currently, the Chelyabinsk Regionuniversal scientific library is the largest book depository of the city, a modern automated information center. This is the place for holding creative meetings, book presentations, meetings in clubs on interests, a leisure center.
To meet the needs of readersmodern information technologies are used. Library processes and operations, such as: acquisition, processing and search of incoming publications - are automated. The electronic catalog in the library was started in 1994. From this time until today, the priority in the activity of the institution is given to informatization and modernization of library processes.
Internet room allows you to usedomestic and world information funds. External visitors can use electronic resources and services by contacting the official website of the Chelyabinsk Regional Universal Scientific Library. Photos of the library in different periods of its history are also presented here.
The institution has a leading role in the development of regional library policy. She is the initiator and developer of normative acts in force in her field.
Contact details of department headscontains the section "Cooperation" on the official site of the institution, which is called - "Chelyabinsk Regional Universal Scientific Library". Address Institutions: Chelyabinsk, Lenina avenue, 60.You can get buses № 4, 18, 64, 123, trolleybuses № 1, 8, 10, 17, 19, 26. Also suitable here are the tram lines № 3, 5, 7, 8, 16 and numerous minibuses.