Short biography of Nikitin Ivan Savich and interesting facts from his life for children
Ivan Nikitin, whose biography arouses sincere interest among admirers of this profound poetry, is a Russian original poet of the 19th century. His work clearly describes the spirit of that distant time.
Nikitin Ivan Savvich: biography for children
Ivan Savich was born in the city of Voronezh on October 31824 in the family of a prosperous bourgeois who traded candles. He learned his diploma early thanks to his shoemaker neighbor, in his childhood he read a lot and liked to be in nature, the unity with which he felt from the very birth. At the age of eight he enrolled in a theological school, then continued his education in seminary. The sudden termination of his studies determined his father's ruin, his destructive passion for alcohol and his mother's death, which forced the young man to take care of his loved ones. Ivan, who was expelled on account of his frequent absence from classes and poor academic performance, instead of his father, worked in a candle store, which was sold for a loan together with a candle factory, and a dilapidated inn was purchased with this money.
Difficulties of Being
Biography of Nikitin, who worked at an innyard yard keeper, describes his difficult monotonous life. But despite the difficult circumstances, the young man did not descend spiritually, at any free moment he tried to read books, to compose verses that asked out of his heart. Poetic lines Ivan began to write in the seminary, in print, his creations decided to give only in 1853. Their publication took place in the Voronezh Provincial Gazette, when the young man was 29 years old. The author's works were copied and handed over from hand to hand, began to be printed in Otechestvennye zapiski, "The Library for Reading." A poet-nugget, who loved nature from the very childhood and sang its beauty, is Nikitin Ivan Savich. A brief biography for children conveys his ability to delicately feel the world around him, to sing out subtle shades of colors. He was able only to stroke the pen with inspiration and piercingly to describe the world around him. Ivan Nikitin, whose biography describes his true love for nature, showed himself as a talented landscape painter in his work.
Love for the people is one of the main themes in creativity
Short biography of Ivan Nikitin for childrentells that a significant place in the poet's work, sincerely worried for his people and misses his troubles through his own heart, take poems describing the life of ordinary common people ("The wife of the coachman", "Plowman", "Mother and daughter", "Beggar" , "Street meeting"). They express a deep sincere love for their people, warm sympathy for his difficult fate and a great desire to improve his situation. At the same time, Nikitin did not idealize the people, looking at him with sober eyes, drawing him truthfully, not hiding the gloomy sides and negative features of the national character: family despotism, rudeness ("Corruption", "Stubborn Father", "Delezh"). Nikitin, in the full sense of the word, was a city dweller, although he visited the neighborhoods of Voronezh, but he stayed in rich landed estates, in a real village, in a peasant's house, never visited and experienced the life of an ordinary person. Material for depicting the living conditions of ordinary people Nikitin received from the cabmen who stopped at his inn and came to Voronezh peasants. However, Ivan Savich, who had some limitations in observing the life of the people, it was for this reason that it was not possible to draw a comprehensive comprehensive picture of the life of the people, but it turned out to be only fragmentary information.
Ivan Nikitin: a short biography of the poet-nugget
Keen on the creativity of Nikitin N.I.Vtorov (local historian) introduced him to a circle of local intellectuals, introduced Count D. Tolstoy, who published the poems of the poet in the Moskvityanin and published his first collection in St. Petersburg in a separate edition (1856). Ivan Nikitin, whose biography for children tells about the growing popularity of the poet at that time, still lived hard. My father drank sweetly, although family relations had improved a little; the situation of the inn was no longer so oppressing the young man who was rotating among the intelligent people who were genuinely located to him. In addition, as the biography describes, Nikitin began to overcome illness. In the summer of 1855, he caught a cold during bathing, greatly weakened and did not get out of bed for a long time. In such difficult moments, faith came to his aid, prompting the appearance of poems with religious themes.
Religious motifs in Nikitin's poetry
The theme of human faith is a red threadthrough all the poetic creativity of Ivan Nikitin: "New Testament", "Prayer", "Sweet Prayer", "Prayer for the Cup". Seeing the holy grace in everything, Nikitin became the most soulful singer of nature ("Morning", "Spring in the Steppe", "Meeting Winter") and enriched Russian poetry with a large number of masterpieces of landscape lyrics. On the poems of Ivan Nikitin written more than six dozen wonderful songs and romances. In 1854-1856, the poet worked on his own self-education, studied the French language and read a lot. After leaving Voronezh in 1857, Vtorov, who had become a close friend to him, and also after the collapse of the Vtorov circle, the poet, with an acerbic acuity, felt the severity of the family and life situation, the pessimistic mood captured him with greater force.
Bookstore of Ivan Nikitin
In 1858, Nikitin's great poem "Fist" was published,vividly describing philistinism, sympathetically perceived by critics and having success with the public. The circulation of the work was sold out in less than a year, bringing the poet a good income. Despite the morbid state and the oppressed mood, Nikitin continued to closely monitor Russian literature in 1857-1858, reading Shakespeare, Cooper, Goethe, Hugo, and Chenier from abroad. He also began to learn German, translating Heine and Schiller. In 1857-1858 he worked in the Otechestvennye Zapiski (Notes of the Fatherland) and Russian Talk. Honors from the publication of poetry, savings accumulated for several years, and a loan of 3,000 rubles from VA Kokorev allowed him in 1859 to purchase a bookstore that became a favorite meeting place for city residents, a kind of literary club. Further - new hopes and plans, a creative upsurge, a new collection of poems, met a little cool, but the vitality was already running out.
The last years of the poet's life
Biography Nikitin was very difficult:the poet was constantly ill, especially acutely in 1859. The state of his health was constantly alternating, the short improvement was followed by a prolonged deterioration. In the second half of 1860 Nikitin worked hard, from his pen came the work "The Diary of a Seminary", written in prose. In 1861, he visited St. Petersburg and Moscow, took part in local cultural work, in the formation of the literacy society in Voronezh, and in the establishment of Sunday schools.
In May 1861, the poet caught a severe cold, thatcaused an exacerbation of the tuberculosis process. On October 28, 1861, Nikitin Ivan Savich died of consumption. Biography for children is interesting by the fact that in a short life the poet wrote about two hundred beautiful poems, three poems and a story. He was 37 years old. He was buried at Novo-Mitrofanievsky Cemetery, next to Koltsov.
Ivan Nikitin's Contribution to Russian Literature
Life and biography of Ivan Nikitin vividly transferred tohis work, where the poet seeks to comprehend his existence, understands the feeling of dissatisfaction with one's own being and suffers greatly from the inconsistency of the present reality of representation; he found peace in nature and religion, reconciling him for a time with life. In the work of Nikitin, there is a lot of an autobiographical element with prevailing sad tones, sadness and sorrow, conditioned by the same ongoing lingering illness. The source of such sad grief was not only personal adversity, but also the surrounding life with human suffering, social contrasts, constant drama. Nikitin's biography is also of interest to the young generation who wants to feel the spirit of the past time and at least through the poet's word to touch him. The works of Ivan Savich withstood a large number of publications and dispersed in a huge number of copies.