God, nature, man in Esenin's poetry. Themes of Esenin's creativity
"Singer and Herald of Wooden Russia" - so himselfYesenin defined himself as a poet. His works are truly sincere and frank. He unhurriedly shots his Russian soul, which suffers, melts, rings and rejoices.
Yesenin wrote about what worried him andcontemporaries. He was a child of his era, who had experienced many cataclysms. That is why the main themes of Yesenin's poetry are the fate of the Russian village, the present and the future of Russia, the tenderness of nature, the love of a woman and religion.
Red thread through the entire creative heritagepoetry is a burning love for the Motherland. This feeling is the starting point of all his further literary research. And Esenin puts in the first place not the political meaning in the notion of the Motherland, although he did not bypass the side of the sorrow and joy of peasant Russia. Homeland for the poet - it's surrounding fields, forests, plains, which begin from the parental home of the lyric hero and extend into the vast distance. The poet drew incredible beauty from the memories of his childhood and the nature of his patrimony - the village of Konstantinovo, where Esenin started his "raspberry Rus". Such feelings of trembling love for their native land were expressed in tender poetic watercolors.
All the themes of Yesenin's work, in particular the themelove of the Motherland and love of nature, are so closely intertwined that they can not be distinguished from one another. He admired the world around him like a child "born with songs in a grass blanket," considering himself an integral part of it.
Love lyrics - a separate layer of creativitypoet-nugget. The image of a woman from his poems was written off from Russian beauties "with scarlet juice of berries on the skin", "with a sheaf of oatmeal hair". But love relations always take place as if in the background, in the center of action there is always the same nature. A poet often compares a girl to a fine birch, and her chosen one to a maple. For early creativity is characterized by youthful ardor, focus on the physical aspect of the relationship ("zakselu drunk, isomna, as color"). Over the years, after learning bitter disappointments on a personal front, the poet expresses his feelings of contempt for corrupt women, cynically believing love itself as nothing more than an illusion ("our life is a bed sheet and a bed"). Esenin himself considered the "Persian motifs" as the peak of his love lyrics, where the poet's trip to Batumi left its imprint.
It should be noted a lot of philosophical motives inpoetry of Yesenin. Early works spark a sense of completeness of life, a precise awareness of their place in it and the meaning of being. The lyrical hero finds him in oneness with nature, calling himself a shepherd, whose "chambers are between the swift fields". He realizes the rapid withering of life ("everything will pass, as if from white apple trees, a smoke"), and from this his lyric is peppered with light sadness.
Of particular interest is the theme "God, nature, man in Yesenin's poetry."
The origins of Christian motives in Yesenin must be sought in his childhood. His grandmother and grandfather were deeply religious people and instilled in the grandson the same reverential attitude towards the Creator.
The poet seeks and finds analogies of the ransom sacrifice in the phenomena of nature ("the convict-wind ... kisses red sores on the rowan bush red to the invisible Christ", "the day of the sunset sacrifice redeemed all sin").
Yesenin's God lives in that same old, outgoingRussia, there, "where cabbage beds with red water water the sunrise." The poet sees the Creator first of all in creation - the surrounding world. God, nature, man in Yesenin's poetry always interact.
But not always the poet was a humble worshiper.In one period, he has a whole series of rebellious, theomachistic poems. This is due to his belief in the October Revolution and the adoption of a new communist ideology. The lyrical hero even challenges the Creator, promising to create a new society without the need for God, "the city of Inonia, where the living deity lives." But such a period was short-lived, soon the lyrical hero again calls himself a "humble monk," praying for pits and herds.
Quite often the poet depicts his hero asa wanderer walking along the road, or as a guest in this life ("everyone in the world is a stranger - will pass, go and leave the house again"). In many works Yesenin touches upon the antithesis "youth - maturity" ("The golden grove has discouraged ..."). He often reflects on death and sees it as the natural ending of everyone ("I came to this earth to leave it sooner"). Everyone can know the meaning of his existence by finding his place in the triad "God is nature - man". In Esenin's poetry, the main link of this tandem is nature, and the key to happiness is harmony with it.
It is a temple for the poet, and the person in itshould be a worshiper ("I pray for ali zori, communion at the creek"). In general, the theme of the Most High and the theme of nature in Yesenin's poetry are so interconnected that there is no clear line of transition.
Nature is also the protagonist of allworks. She lives a bright, dynamic life. Very often the author applies the method of impersonation (the klenochok sucks the green udder, the red mare-autumn scratches its golden mane, the snowstorm cries like a gypsy violin, the bird-cherry sleeps in a white cloak, the pine is tied with a white kerchief).
The most favorite images are birch, maple, moon, dawn. Yesenin is the author of the so-called wooden novel between the birch-girl and the maple-boy.
Yesenin's poem "Birch"
As an example of refined and at the same time simpleawareness of life can be considered the verse "Birch". This tree since ancient times is considered a symbol of the Russian girl, and of Russia itself, that's why Yesenin put deep meaning into this work. Tenderness with a small piece of nature grows into admiration for the beauty of the immense Russian land. In ordinary everyday things (snow, birch, branches) the author teaches to see more. This effect is achieved with the help of comparisons (snow - silver), metaphors (snowflakes are burning, dawn is sprinkling branches). A simple and understandable imagery makes Esenin's poem "Birch" very similar to folk, and this is the highest praise for any poet.
The general mood of the lyrics
It should be noted that in Esenin's poetry sodistinctly felt a slight sadness "on the buckwheat expanses", and sometimes pinching anguish even in admiring the native land. Most likely, the poet foresaw the tragic fate of his Motherland, which in the future "will still live, dance and cry at the fence." The reader is involuntarily given pity to all living things, because, despite their beauty, everything around is fleeting, and the author grieves beforehand: "Sad song, you are Russian pain."
Features of Yesenin's poetry
You can also note some of the distinctive features of the poet's style.
Yesenin is the king of metaphors.He so skilfully packed capacious artistic images in a few words, that each poem is full of bright poetic figures ("evening has black eyebrows socked," "a quiet sunset floats along the pond swan in red", "a shoal flock on the roof serves Vespers' star").
The proximity of Yesenin's poetry to folklore gives the impression that some of his poems are folk. They are incredibly easy to fall for music.
Thanks to such features of the artistic worldpoet "wooden Rus" his verses can not be confused with others. He can not help subduing his selfless love for the Motherland, which originates from the Ryazan fields and ends with the cosmos. The essence of the theme "God - Nature - Man" in Yesenin's poetry can be summarized in his own words: "I think: how beautiful is the earth and on it a man ..."