Ode is a special kind of poem
What is an ode?This word originally had such a meaning: a lyrical poem, performed by the choir and to the music. The odes in Ancient Greece were not distinguished by any particular poetic genre. This word is translated as "verse." Ancient authors divided them into three main categories: dance, lamentable and laudatory. Ode is a form of expression of thought, which was often resorted to by such brilliant figures of antiquity as Pindar and Horace.
Ode as a genre of poem after the fall of the antiqueculture, which followed the destruction of the Roman Empire, for a long time forgotten. Return to it already in the era of revival, which was due to the desire for classicism. But there is also a difference between the work of writers of the XVII-XVIII centuries and Antiquity. For example, the ancient Greek poets sang their odes, often under musical and choreographic accompaniment. And the poets of the XVII-XVIII centuries only wrote and read them. However, like the ancient authors, they turned to a musical instrument - the lyre, though they did not hold it in their hands, to the gods Apollo and Zeus, but, naturally, they did not believe in their existence. Thus, the Renaissance poets were in many ways imitators. In addition, in the odes of the ancient Greek poets, there were many more feelings and impressions. Glorifying the winners, they did not forget to praise their fellow citizens and ancestors. This was not enough for Russian and European writers od.
In the Renaissance, the ode is most often a verse,called to exalt rulers or commanders. In addition to Russia, this genre has spread in many countries of Europe. Such poems were usually long, pompous. For example, this was the "Ode of Ascension to the Throne of Elisabeth," written by Lomonosov.
Over time, these poems stopped writingusing artificial elements of construction. Disappeared senseless appeals to the lyre and the Olympic gods. Nowadays an ode is not a text, satiated with high-flown and flattering phrases, but a natural expression of genuine enthusiasm. The very word is now rarely used. Instead of "ode" poets often say "duma", "hymn" or "song".