The Botanical Gulf is a place worth visiting
Have you ever heard of such aA stunning location, like the Botanical Gulf? Frankly, despite the uniqueness and uniqueness of this corner of the planet, it is difficult to call it a favorite and popular place for rest of Russians. Why is that? Most likely, due to its some distance from the famous tourist destinations. In fact, it's not very easy to get here. Although there are positive aspects in this. Arriving on the coast, you can enjoy peace and quiet.
This article will not only tell you where the Botanical Gulf itself is, but also introduce readers to the peculiarities of this place, its history, climate.
General description of the object
As you know, the Botanical Gulf was discovered in 1770 by the famous conqueror of the seas, James Cook. Its name was given to this place due to a number of plants unknown to Europeans growing on its banks.
It was in Botany in 1787 that the first settlement of immigrants from Europe to Australia was formed. However, the following year it was moved to the port of Jackson, where the center of Sydney is currently located.
The depth of the Botanical Gulf is 18-31 m,and the width is 2.2 km. The rivers Georges and Cook flow into it. Also on the territory of the bay there is Botany port, and it is inhabited by about 35 thousand people.
History of discovery
April 29, 1770 in the waters of the Botany Baythe ship, named "Endeavor", anchored. It was here that the British first descended to the shore of an unknown continent, and at the same time the bay was called Botanical.
In the team of Captain James Cook, whowent in search of the previously unknown southern continent, was a scientist-botanist named Joseph Banks. He opened a picture of dozens of plants that were unknown to the science of that time, as far as he was struck, that he effortlessly persuaded Cook to give this beautiful place such a name. And since that time the bay is called Botanical, which in the English version sounds like Botany Bay.
Eighteen years later, they threw in this placeanchor the ships of the first English fleet under the command of Arthur Philip. It was here that the first shipment of convicts was delivered, and a few days later the well-known Marquis de La Perouse appeared at that time. But since he sailed from these places, no one else has ever seen him alive.
The Botanical Gulf: tragic events
In 1788, the first so-called British settlements appeared in the territory of the future Sydney in New South Wales. Mostly the colony was inhabited by soldiers and convicts.
One day one of the convicts went in search of herbs andwent far enough from the brick stoves located in Rose Hill. Later it turned out that he was killed by Australian aborigines. Sixteen members of the gang, to which the deceased belonged, armed with sticks and went to Botany Bay to take revenge.
Upon arrival to the Gulf they came across manyAboriginal tribe of the Gamaraigal, who attacked them with spears. As a result, one person was killed, and six or seven were wounded. A day later, the governor of the colony, known as Captain Arthur Philip, sent marines there to restore order. On the battlefield the infantrymen discovered the body of one dead exile and one wounded. All the exiles were punished for failing to comply with Philip's order of good treatment of the local Aborigines. They received 150 lashes each time they recovered.
Climate of the area
The Botanical Gulf, the map shows this as well as possible, is famous for its warm summer and mild winter. The number of sunny days per year is more than 340.
During the year, a uniform amount of precipitation falls. The average temperature in summer is approximately 26 ° C. It is also possible high humidity at this time of year - an average of 65%.
In winter, the average temperature is approximately 16 ° C. The rainiest period in the Gulf comes between March and June.
What is the life of the Botanical Gulf today?
The tides here are semidiurnal and are about 2.3 m.
The population is only 35 000 people, the most partof which earns a living either by fishing or by tourism. Wishing to visit this place is enough. As a rule, they are attracted to the botanical bay by an amazing flora and fauna.