Where is Ulyanovsk: coordinates, features
Not all Russians know where the city of Ulyanovsk is and how great its historical heritage. Let's analyze some features of accommodation, as well as facts about the history and the present of the city.
Do not know where is Mr. Ulyanovsk? This is the administrative center of the Ulyanovsk region. It is located on the banks of the Volga and Sviyaga, on the section of the rapprochement of the channels of these two large Russian rivers. Let's try to find out where Ulyanovsk is from Moscow. This large center is located about 893 kilometers from the capital of the Russian Federation.
Currently, its population exceeds 600 thousand people.
We have already found out where Ulyanovsk is, nowwe will examine in more detail its historical roots. It was founded in 1648 as a fortress of Simbirsk. Until the end of the eighteenth century the city retained this name. That was the name he was given at the time when the leader of the world proletariat, Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin), was born and spent his childhood there. In 1924 the city was renamed into Ulyanovsk. In his honor, of course.
Currently, it is considered a majoran industrial center in which there is a full-fledged automotive industry, machine-building plants, a railway station, light industry enterprises,
Given where Ulyanovsk is, you canto assert that he has all chances for full-fledged development. In addition to industrial enterprises, concert halls, theaters, museums, secondary and higher educational institutions function in the city.
The area of the city is 622.46 sq. Km.
Pages of History
Considering where Ulyanovsk is, you cansuggest that this city should have an interesting and rich history. He appeared under the decree of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich in order to become a fortress. Simbirsk was supposed to protect the eastern borders of the Russian state from the constant raids of nomadic tribes. Thanks to the administrative reform carried out in 1780 by Catherine II, he became the main city of the entire Simbirsk province (governorship). By the decree of Paul I of 1796 the status of the Simbirsk province was confirmed. By the way, in its time Simbirsk - in the XIX century - was considered a very attractive place for the Russian intelligentsia.
There are many interesting versions about the origin of the Simbir toponym. For example, this word was associated with the Chuvash phrase "bluerene" - "white mountain", and also with the Turkic "son ber" - "lonely tomb".
In the second half of the last century, all these versions were refuted, since they did not find full-fledged confirmation.
There is a suggestion that during the Golden Horde era the Mongols were located on the high bank of the Volga, trying to pronounce the name of the village in their own way.
Features of the administrative device
There are four districts in the city:Zavolzhsky, Leninsky, Zheleznodorozhny, Zavolzhsky. There is a city on a hilly terrain, approximately at an altitude of 80-160 meters above sea level. Within the city limits, the altitude is about 60 meters. Ulyanovsk is a large transport center, which is located between the Urals and central Russia. Approximately 3-5 hours away from it there are other regional centers. Inside the city there is an underground river Simbirka, which flows into Sviyaga.
Features of climate
In Ulyanovsk, a moderate continental climate,which is slightly drier than in the center of the country. There is a tendency for a certain softening of winters, an increase in the average daily temperature to +5 ° C. Moderate and weak winds with a western direction prevail here. The most cloudy month here is November, and the most sunny months are July and April.
Spring begins in Ulyanovsk in mid-March, and the first snow and frosts are characteristic for the end of November - early December.
Ulyanovsk is located relatively close tothe capital of Russia. It is with this city that the life and activities of many revolutionaries, writers and poets, scientific figures are connected. During the Great Patriotic War, the Moscow Patriarchate was sent to evacuate the city of Ulyanovsk. In this difficult time the city was functioned by a lot of industrial enterprises, for example, the automobile plant named after. I. V. Stalin. In 1942, Andrey D. Sakharov, the creator of the hydrogen bomb, the owner of the international Nobel Prize, worked at the cartridge factory, which supplied the production to the front during the war.
Citizens are proud of their historical heritageancestors, try to instill in everyone the power of love for their native city to their children. At the end of the twentieth century, a modern railway bridge across the Volga appeared here, which became an important transport hub of the Ulyanovsk region.
Convenient geographical position, developedtransport network, proximity to a large river, an amazing history - all this made Ulyanovsk attractive not only for thousands of residents, but also for hundreds of thousands of tourists. They come here all the year to see the places where the "leader of the world proletariat" was born.