When a child grows up in a family: the psychological characteristics of adolescence

Self improvement

Raising a child is a very difficult task andresponsible. In addition to the fact that the son or daughter needs to be fed, dressed, shodded, provided with everything necessary for a normal, healthy and, if possible, happy life, the child should be maintained morally, help to adapt in society, inculcate certain concepts and values, rules of behavior and human dormitory . And at each stage of education there are their own high victories and their own problem underwater currents.

When a child is considered a teenager

psychological characteristics of adolescence
Psychological features of adolescentage begin to make themselves felt at about 11-13 years, and this critical period lasts until 16-17. In importance, this time can rightly be called the second birth of a person. In the adult organism, violent physiological processes occur: sexual development, growth of bone tissues, an increase in the skeleton and muscle mass, hormonal bursts. The body can not always keep under control and adequately respond to changes. Therefore children in this period often get sick, they have pressure drops, including intracranial, problems with the heart and endocrine system, underweight or, conversely, its excess, frequent headaches, decreased vision. Of course, most of the diseases the child will develop. But it is important for parents to help children cope with the stressful situation, so that a teenager gets out of it with minimal losses.

The nervous system, the emotional side of personalityalso receive a tremendous load during this period. Psychological features of adolescence are associated with all sorts of emotional disruptions and traumas. The instability of mental processes, the tendency to exaggerate and dramatize their experiences often pushes children at this point in time to many inadequate actions. Therefore, in a teenage environment so pronounced propensity to suicides, outbursts of aggression and hysteria. And for the same reason, the psychological characteristics of adolescence require an active, active, but extremely delicate and unobtrusive participation in their lives of adults, be they parents and other relatives, school, friends and acquaintances.

child psychologist consultation

How is "adolescence" manifested?

That your child has become a teenager, you cannotice not only the change in appearance, but also the new features in behavior. For example, not only girls, but also boys are clearly interested in their appearance, often consider themselves in the mirror, become sensitive to what outsiders think about them. The psychological characteristics of adolescence are manifested in such contradictory features as cheekiness and modesty, arrogance and self-doubt, the desire to respect others and the denial of all authorities and idols. Wanting to stand out from the crowd, teenage boys use for this various external attributes: special details in clothes, shocking appearance, accessories, provoking a manner of behavior. At the same time they are embarrassed by a catchy image and do not know how to behave in a new way. Feelings of first love, sometimes very strong, also happen right now.

In different situations, the same child canbe without any apparent cause extremely cruel, bold, selfish or, on the contrary, full of self-sacrifice, sacrifice in relation to a loved one, friend or even an animal. The mood changes in him can fluctuate at the highest amplitude - from optimistic exaltation to the most hopeless depression. In such cases, the participation of parents may not be enough. Then a child psychologist should come to the rescue, the consultations of which will help the child to adapt to a new, unusual condition for him. The strongest emotional disruptions in boys can occur at 11-13 years, and in girls - at 13-15.

Adaptation of personality

psychological features of public speaking
Teenage is not only a synonymproblems. Right now the child begins to show such remarkable qualities of character and intelligence as inquisitiveness, the desire to learn new things, curiosity, assimilation of a huge amount of diverse information. Of course, he does not yet know how to systematize, but he tries everywhere to get knowledge, is fond of the most incredible ideas and projects, shows a creative, creative approach in the implementation of the conceived. Many teenagers like to perform in amateur performances, to participate in the public life of the school. This must be used by teachers. Psychological features of public speaking will help to develop in children a sense of self-confidence, responsibility for their work, the ability to control oneself, to hang on to people.

In a teenage child he wakes up and starts violentlygrow awareness of your adulthood. On the one hand, it manifests itself in a special consciousness, a desire to be heard, respected, understood. On the other - in a frank rebellion and unwillingness to recognize the arguments of reason, which lead adults. In this case, the latter should show openness, honesty, trust and a certain firmness. And right now, adults should become real teenage friends.

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