Osman (fish): where it is found, how and what to catch
In Asian rivers, you can sometimes meet fishuncharacteristic for normal catch on average fishing. But they also fully deserve the attention of the avid fisherman. These "Eastern" trophies can be attributed to the Central Asian Ottomans - a fish that lives in the icy water of fast rivers running in mountainous areas. It is also found in the highland lakes of Altai.
There are three types of this genus. All of them are quite rare and inherently endemic. That is, they can no longer be found anywhere except in certain Central Asian mountain reservoirs. And the habitat of these fish - the upper and middle currents of small mountain rivers. The Ottomans can also live in alpine lakes, sometimes they rise along the stream up to the glaciers.
Osman is a predatory fish belonging to the carp family. Divided into three types:
- Altai (mountain dace).
Naked Osman: description
Osman naked has a body almost without scalycover, elongated in shape. On the back color is brown or greenish-gray, with a bluish tint. It happens and golden, as well as gray-silver color. From the sides - yellowish, with orange features, and abdominal fins - spotted. On the upper fin, on the back - a thorn.
In this fish, the lips are fleshy, the lower one is interrupted in the center, and in the corners of the mouth - the antennae, like in many carps.
Osman - a fish that lives in Central Asia, in suchreservoirs like Balkhash, Issyk-Kul, Zaisan, as well as in Mongolian lakes and rivers. By nature, he likes clean and fast water, cool water - even very low temperatures. Often it is based in the upper reaches of the rivers of the Central Asian mountains, and if it lives in a lake, then it should be sought deeper, in places where the water is clear and cold.
His diet - clams, smaller fish, insect larvae and arthropods themselves. Spawning of the species takes place at different times: at the lake in spring, at the river in summer.
Catching osman naked
Osman - the fish is not too large, but it can becomeA worthy trophy for a skillful fisherman. Its weight rarely reaches 3 kilograms, with a length of no more than half a meter. Average weight - 2 kg, length - 30 cm or more.
Ottomans - the fish is quite strong and cunning, thereforeat her catching various tackles can be used: spinning and feeder, as well as float rods. But best of all, according to some fishermen, the Ottoman is spinning on a medium size.
Osman (fish): what to catch?
For this representative of the Central Asian regionthe fauna can serve as small live baits, meat of mollusks (living in the local rivers), worms: dung and earthy. It should not be forgotten that the Ottoman is a predatory fish, although it belongs to the carp family. It is not too large, but when dredging it can provide decent resistance, as for a good trophy. In general, you have to sweat a little, but this is what gives the fishing excitement!
The forest should be chosen with a section from 0.25 to 0.35, andhooks for fishing will suit the number from 6 to 10. The Ottoman starts active and pecking after spawning, during spring floods, and in early summer. But in winter, the predator's enthusiasm is reduced. But what is characteristic, even in the cold season, this fish does not sleep and continues to feed, which increases the chances of the fisherman, as well as winter fishing can be very successful. The Ottoman fish (this photo you can see in our article) goes well at this time on the boat, float gear, sheer glitter.
Scaly appearance looks like naked, but onbody present scaly cover. Moreover, above the lateral line, it closes the body almost completely, forming the so-called "cleft" around the anus. And on the back, on the upper fin, this fish does not have a spike.
What kind of environment do the scaled Ottomans prefer? Fish (where this species is found, it is clear from the previous descriptions) loves clean and cool water. It lives in Issyk-Kul Lake and some adjacent rivers - in their headwaters. Below the shallows, it is mainly kept in the bottom areas, pools.
In the menu of this type: fry and mollusks represented in abundance of the range in rivers, insects and their nourishing larvae, some aquatic vegetation. Such fish can reach a mass of 1.5 kilograms (albeit rarely) and up to half a meter in length. And most often, the prey of a fisherman can be individuals measuring 0.2-0.3 meters and weighing up to half a kilo.
Catching Scale Otman
The spawning of these fish takes place throughout the summer,as the Ottoman eggs lay in small portions. Fishing is prohibited at this time. During the rest of the year, the scaled osman goes on the bottom tackle, spinning very well.
Fish, fishing in the Almaty region which, toexample, carried out in spring and autumn, prefers to bait worms and larvae of various insects. The fishing line is used 0,22-0,28 millimeters, it is preferable to take hooks from the 6th to the 8th number.
Altai variety (mountain dace)
Elec is also an aquatic predator. He has a body resembling a spindle. Color - greenish, dark, but the back is lighter. On the sides there are placers of spots - small, darkish tint. On the head of the Ottoman Altai there is a marble pattern, and the belly is blackish with a brown tinge.
The reservoirs of Tuva, the lake environment of Altai, the river Ob inthe upper places, the rivers Chui and Biya - this is the habitat of the Ottoman Altai. Preference is given only to clean and cool water. The Ottoman loves to frolic in the stream, but he also wants to rest in calm and quiet places, in areas with a rocky or sandy bottom, where the flow is calm.
In food Altai variety of osman usessmall fish, mormysh, underwater vegetation in small quantities and the larvae of some insects. Fish spawning takes place in spring, when water reaches + 10 ° C and higher.
Altai Ottomans (fish): fishing and tackle
This fish sometimes grows bigger than itsfellow kind. The length of some individuals can reach 65 cm, and weight - about 4 kg. But, on average, you can catch an ottoman even two kilograms, and he, of course, will be a pleasant trophy for any fisherman.
The catching of the Ottoman Altai is well carried out onspinning. As bait it is better to use spinners spinning, not large and not heavy. True, traditional rotators have recently given way to new-fashioned spinning gear.
Sometimes fishing for dace (osman) goes onfloat or donku. And as bait is often used zhivets - small fish, which in nature feeds on this mountain fish. The Ottoman goes well also for cutting from fish meat, on manure and earthworm, on meat of shells. Forests are required for fishing - 0.3 or 0.4 millimeters, and hooks - from six to ten.
Osman’s bite is usually greedy and thatcalled for sure. But when caught on a hook, this fish can have a strong resistance when dredging, so you need to keep your ear with it. And the most active biting is observed in the first week after spawning.
Altai Osman is caught in the winter. As a rule, perch spinners are used for fishing, and mormuscular tackle. At the time of the last on the hook as a bait is used bokoplav (mormysh).
What you need to know for successful Ottoman fishing
Spawning of this fish ends after summerfloods. This time, according to experts, the most effective for fishing. For amateur fishing often use traditional spinning, float, donku. And for the industrial catch of the Ottoman Altai - nonsense and network. But in the winter time - not bad he goes to the float fishing rod and mormyshku. Vertical gloss is also often used.
The fish itself is not too shy and unpretentious, sothat special skills for its catching is not required. The main task of the fisherman becomes the opportunity to reach the catchy places, as they, sometimes, are located in high-altitude places. And here lovers of hunting with a fishing rod on the Ottoman await treacherous natural elements and cold winds.
A good plus is the moment that the bait on the Ottoman can always be found right on the spot. One has only to walk along the shore, gather larvae or worms, and good fishing is almost guaranteed!