Criminal Procedural Law
Criminal Procedure Law (SCP), being a branch of law, regulates the work of the prosecutor's office, the court, investigative bodies to initiate and investigate criminal cases.
SCP norms regulate interactions between people or groups in the field of legal proceedings, and also arise between state bodies, officials and citizens of the state.
The criminal procedure legislation hasthe goal is to protect the rights and interests of organizations and citizens who have suffered from various crimes, as well as the identity of an unlawful charge, restriction of its rights or conviction.
Process activity is aa set of prosecution, defense and judicial processes, the functions of which are separated from each other, that is, assigned to different persons. Thus, this activity is based on the equality of the parties. This principle is maintained at all stages of the criminal process, beginning with the preliminary investigation and ending with the trial.
Thus, the criminal procedure lawinvestigates the activities of the bodies of inquiry, the investigator, the investigator, the prosecutor, the court and other participants in the criminal proceedings, which includes conducting a preliminary investigation, hearing the case in court, passing judgment and its execution, and reviewing decisions to protect the rights and interests of individuals in order to exclude illegal restrictions on their freedom. All these events are aimed at ensuring the use of criminal law properly.
The SCP tasks enshrined in the Constitution include: protection of the rights of citizens through the rapid investigation of criminal acts, dangerous acts of insanity, the rational use of the law, the prosecution of perpetrators.
All these tasks are assigned by the state to officials who have the appropriate authority to conduct a criminal investigation.
Criminal procedural law realizes itstasks under the procedure established by the Code. So, if there are reasons to initiate criminal cases, the relevant work is carried out, after which all the materials are submitted to the court for a decision.
In addition to officials, the UPDPersons who are involved in the activities of the case in one form or another. In this case, the law obliges them to perform certain actions. The production of these actions is connected with the fulfillment by the bodies and participants of the process of their duties and rights. Thus, they are endowed with criminal procedural legal relations.
Despite the fact that each state has its own laws, including criminal procedural law, all of them are subject to certain principles:
1. The opening of a criminal case depends on the prosecutor, while the accused is entitled to challenge him in court.
2. The court is the body that executes the proceedings, and the preliminary investigation is carried out by the investigator.
The stages of the UP are a set of actions that are combined by common tasks and conclusions, which result in the adoption of decisions by the relevant authorities.
Thus, the subject of criminal procedurethe law examines the activities of the court, the bodies of inquiry and the prosecutor's office, as well as relations with citizens who take part in the criminal process and who accompany this activity.
It should be noted that the source of the GLP isThe Constitution, containing its norms and principles: legality, sentencing only by the court, secrecy of telephone conversations, correspondence, postal communications, and respect for the honor and dignity of citizens.