The concept of national security of the Russian Federation: the content and structure
The emergence of Russia as a statedemocratic, legal and federal, entailed many changes in politics, society and other spheres. It took a complete reassessment of the country's interests in the new conditions, its participation in the market economy and other processes taking place in the world.
The concept of national security of the Russian Federation includes four sections:
The first of them characterizes the position of Russia inthe place it will occupy after the era of bi-polar confrontation is over. It also indicates the prevailing trends in the world, the focus, first of all, on the unification of countries on many issues, on strengthening their political and economic positions. It is in this part of the document that one develops its own position regarding the creation of such international relations, in which the countries of the West will dominate, while the United States remains the leader.
The second section defines the interests of Russiaas a nation. They are based on long-term goals and objectives of public policy. The concept of the national security of the RF specifies the content of these interests, limiting them to the following spheres: information, economic, social, internal political, military, international, environmental and border.
The third section lists threats,Emerging before the country, and those spheres of life, to which they subsequently influence. Most of them first affect social life: society sharply splits into the poor and the rich, unemployment grows. The concept of the national security of the Russian Federation emphasizes the deterioration of the ecological situation, the depletion of biological resources. The situation is conditioned by the constant development of industry and the absence of laws that determine the use of technologies that conserve resources.
In the fourth section, the Concept of National Security of the Russian Federation determines the specific tasks that politicians face:
- the need to forecast possible threats in time and identify them;
- formation of friendly relations between all nations;
- change of legislation;
- improvement of the work of local self-government, etc.
The work of the subsystems to ensure the security of the country
The Concept of National Security of Russiais formed on the basis of an analysis of the problems that occur during a certain period. Therefore, the creation of this document requires a very painstaking work of state information centers and non-state subsystems that ensure the country's security. The set of measures taken in this direction should be supported not only by the state, but also by the people.