The Criminal Code is the basic law on crimes. Changes in the CC of 2016
CC is the main legislative act,regulating crimes. Such an official document exists in every country. It establishes many norms, contains a set of rules that allow you to determine the composition of the acts committed and punishments for them. It is in this that the colossal importance and value of this normative act is manifested.
The essence of the Criminal Code
The legislator pays great attention to issuesindustry. The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is a codified act, a federal law that was adopted by the State Duma. It fixes in itself the totality of norms regulating legal relations in this sphere. Any encroachment on public relations of a completely different kind is regulated by this act. He allows them to protect and protect.
The main objectives of this lawadvocate the prevention and cessation of crimes, create conditions that would allow potential criminals to ponder before deciding to commit a new socially dangerous act. In addition, the Criminal Code - this is also a way to correct the perpetrators, which entails the implementation of this task in the future.
A bit of history
The first mention of criminal law as an industry,devoted to crimes, could be found even in "Russian Truth". The first laws fixed penalties, actions and orders of responsibility. Unless the formulations and content as a whole differed significantly from what every article of the Criminal Code now says.
Throughout history, variouspositions that differed from each other depending on the trends of a particular era. However, if we talk about codified acts, then for the first time such a law was adopted in the first half of the twentieth century. The Criminal Code of the RSFSR of 1922 is the first experience of this kind, which lasted only four years.
After the first attempt to adopt codes (beforethe moment, as in 1996, was adopted now the actions of the Criminal Code) was carried out several times. The most successful experience was in 1996. This act lasted until the current document. The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation was adopted at the most difficult time for the country. Despite this, it existed up to the present time.
Structure of the Criminal Code
CC is an act that is a specificsystem. It is orderly and accurate. It is believed that the criminal law, and precisely the one that is currently in force, is one of the most specific and correctly formulated codes of rules. He has only specific explanations. And in case of necessity of additional interpretation, the decisions of the Plenum of the RF Armed Forces are always adopted, which treat all the necessary moments.
Like most codified acts,the considered has two parts. The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation includes a general and special sections, which is quite typical for such laws. This division is due to the specifics of each of them. The criminal law has a similar division because it requires ordering in terms of general provisions and specific moments. This is primarily about the qualification of crimes.
a common part
General provisions of the Criminal Law are of great importance.importance for practice. There are many questions that somehow do not determine the nature of the crime. They do not affect the qualification, but only help to come to what is called prosecution and punishment. Considering this law, it is important to pay attention to the latest editions, as the changes are made in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation quite often. So what exactly is the general part of the RF CC of 2016 fixing in itself? These are the main questions regarding the age of responsibility, the general concepts of aggravating and mitigating circumstances, the imposition of punishment and other issues, which are some kind of instruction or even a plan for further qualification of the deed.
The special part
The composition of the crime is the main condition forprosecution. If the act does not reveal at least one such element, then there will be no grounds for applying special provisions of the Criminal Code. And they are in their totality and represent a special part of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
What is the meaning of such norms? They regulate specific social relations, more precisely encroachment on these relations. Each article touches on something specific, fixes in itself the necessary elements that must be in order to obtain the corpus delicti. In addition, they impose sanctions, that is, penalties, which also fully reflects in practice.
An important feature and distinction of the twoThe parts under consideration are the structure of their norms. The general section in most cases includes only the hypothesis, while the special one implies both dispositions and sanctions. This difference separates one part from the other, but also makes them interconnected, which once again confirms the integrity and structuredness of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Changes in the Criminal Code (2016)
The need for changes arisesbecause the Criminal Code - is a very full and meaningful for the jurisprudence act. Often there are various gaps in legislation, there are collisions. Therefore, the introduction of various amendments and the adoption of new versions of the law helps to combat this.
So, in 2016 the Criminal Code has undergone changesonly in two articles. The first is the norm, which establishes the responsibility for infiltrating objects that are protected and under the ground or water. This is article 215.4 of the law. It was changed in terms of sanctions, where imprisonment is not more than four years, and the possible fine is 700 thousand. These most stringent measures under this article have been approved.
Another rule is article 172.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. It fixes such an act as attracting other people's money, that is, creating a kind of financial pyramids. This is a major change in the criminal law in 2016, since earlier such sanctions, which, incidentally, provide for penalties from fines to imprisonment, were not in the Code.