HPV of high oncogenic risk
Today, one of the most common viruses is HPV.There are about a hundred of its species, which provoke the emergence of tumors of different shapes and locations. However, recently the role of this virus in the onset of cancer has been proven, especially in the anogenital region. And different types provoke malignant process with different probability. The most dangerous are HPV of high oncogenic risk.
Their role in the development of cervical cancer has already been proven.The most dangerous are types 18 and 16. It is highly undesirable to combine them with HSV, especially 2 types. Women with these viruses need to carefully monitor their health. They must visit a gynecologist twice a year, take an analysis for atypical cells and undergo colposcopy.
However, one must understand that high-frequency HPVoncogenic risk leads to cancer not always. But the presence of the virus significantly increases the likelihood of its occurrence. For men, HPV is also dangerous, it can cause cancer of the penis head. When any neoplasms appear on it, you should visit a urologist or a venereologist.
High-risk HPVs are 68, 66, 56, 52,51, 45, 35, 33, 31, 18, 16 types. The virus is transmitted by intimate contact, but other variants are also possible. HPV may not manifest itself for a long time and for the first time it can detect itself many years after infection in the presence of provoking factors:
- medical manipulation (introduction of the IUD, abortion);
- bacterial and viral diseases (rhinitis, tonsillitis, influenza, herpes);
- decreased immunity (hypothermia, overheating);
- physical stress, vitamin deficiency, poor nutrition;
- psychoemotional stress, insufficient sleep.
The virus is also sometimes transmitted from mother to childboth in utero and in the process of delivery. In addition, pregnancy is a provoking factor for the appearance and growth of neoplasms, as well as their transition into cancer. This is due to a decrease in immune defense and a change in the hormonal background.
The infected newborn, as a rule,has a papillomatosis of the larynx. However, as statistics show, caesarean section does not always save from infection, so when there is a malignancy on the genitals, the mother does not spend it. This operation is suitable only for large papillomas that overlap the birth canal.
So, HPV symptoms:
- appearance of neoplasms on the genitals (in the perineum, on the labia, clitoris, entrance to the urethra, in the region of the anus, on the penis);
- itching of the genitals;
- bleeding and itching during and after sex (may occur if there is papillomas in the vagina and on the neck when injured).
It is very important to undergo scheduled inspections to allwomen, because they themselves notice the manifestations of the virus on the internal genital organs, as a rule, can not. Today, PCR is actively used to diagnose HPV. It helps not only to determine the presence of the virus itself, but also to conduct its genotyping.
However, most experts believe thattreat HPV only if there are clinical manifestations. That is, when there are neoplasms on the genitals, abnormalities in the smear on atypical cells and in colposcopy, cervical erosion.
In other cases, even if a HPV is detectedthe PRC method only needs to be observed. Twice a year to be examined by a gynecologist with a cytological smear and colposcopy. The last study consists in examining the neck under a microscope when it is dyed with various solutions.
Treatment of HPV high oncogenic risk in the presence of neoplasms must be carried out necessarily. Today even cervical cancer is eliminated quite successfully with timely detection.
So, HPV of high oncogenic risk is necessaryTreat only with a clinical picture. If there are no new growths, then such women should be observed at the gynecologist. Patients should undergo a colposcopy and a PAP test twice a year.