Hernia of the spine: causes, symptoms and methods of treatment
Herniated Schmorl - prettya common violation, which is considered relatively harmless. Deformity of intervertebral discs is observed with a similar disease. However, the location of the disc relative to the vertebra does not change, so the risk of damage to the nerve roots or spinal cord is minimal.
Hernia of the Schmorl spine and its causes
In fact, the reasons for the formation of a verticalhernia to the end is not fully understood. Some experts believe that such a violation is exclusively hereditary and is related to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the vertebral body. On the other hand, the cause may be rarefaction or softening of bone tissue, which occurs with osteoporosis, demineralization of bones and some other diseases.
Risk factors also include severe and mild injuries to the spine. In some cases, the deformation is associated with a constant rise in weight.
It is interesting that the hernia of the spine is more oftenis diagnosed in adolescence. In some cases, several deformed intervertebral discs are found during the X-ray examination.
Most specialists are justifiedconsider such a pathology harmless. Nevertheless, patients need to follow certain precautions, since a vertical hernia can lead to certain complications.
First, the introduction into the body of the vertebra of foreigntissues (in this case, cartilage elements of the discs) can cause inflammation and the appearance of a full hernia. Secondly, such damage increases the likelihood of a compression fracture, which is extremely dangerous.
Herniated Schmorl: the symptoms
In principle, such a violation is rareis accompanied by some kind of symptoms, and most often found by chance. However, some patients complain of discomfort, and sometimes back pain. Soreness, as a rule, increases during strong physical exertion. Long-term static pressure on the spine can also be recalled by pain, which, however, passes if a person changes body position or prilazhet for several minutes.
Treatment of Schmorl's hernia
Fortunately, such a deformation is fairly easyis susceptible to conservative therapy - surgical treatment is not required here. In the presence of pain and inflammation, patients are prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, in particular paracetamol and ibuprofen. In addition, drugs are used that improve blood circulation and trophism of the spinal tissues and protect the cartilage elements from degeneration.
An extremely important part of therapy is therapeuticGymnastics, which you need to practice regularly. With the help of properly selected exercises, you can not only stop the deformation process, but also strengthen the muscle corset, which will relieve tension from the spine. It will be useful massage. Often used and acupuncture.