Intervertebral hernia: symptoms and treatment
An extremely common disease in theToday is the intervertebral hernia, the symptoms of which, unfortunately, are familiar to very many. It, in fact, is a deformation of the fibrous ring of the disc - a rupture is formed, which causes a small amount of gelatinous nucleus to bulge out because of strong pressure. Most often, this ailment is diagnosed in people aged 25-45 years, less often in childhood. This disease is recognized as the most complicated form of osteochondrosis, which often becomes the cause of loss for the time of working capacity, as well as sometimes disability.
Intervertebral hernia: symptoms
The main danger of such a disease is associated withthe likelihood of narrowing the spinal canal, which can cause inflammation of the spinal cord and nerve roots. The result is the appearance of painful radicular syndrome, accompanied by muscle paresis and paralysis of the legs, a violation of the functions of the organs located in the pelvis, and sensitivity disorders. If you are diagnosed with an "intervertebral hernia", the symptoms of which have long been manifested, treatment should be started as soon as possible.
The main sign of this disease ispain, often it manifests itself in youth, usually associated with certain stresses, uncomfortable position in bed or at the table when working. Often the symptoms are confused with signs of osteochondrosis (weakness or pain in the leg, lack of sensation or a sense of "running goosebumps"). With an intervertebral hernia, there can be very intense pain, which often simply entraps a person to bed.
All signs of the disease are conditionally divided into twovarieties that are typical for a particular stage of the disease. At the first stage of hernia development there are degenerative-dystrophic processes in a certain department of the spine. Thus, the strength of the intervertebral disc is reduced and cracks appear. Gradually, in this area there is a violation of blood circulation, pain, swelling, causing muscle tension, which leads to a curvature of the spine. Most often, people do not even realize that they develop an intervertebral hernia, the symptoms of which gradually appear. In this situation, treatment at home can be ineffective and even harmful, because of it, a second stage can very soon come.
At the second stage, characteristic changes are observedpain syndrome. The tension and compression of the root cause the radicular syndrome. The patient feels severe pain, weakness of the muscles, some loss of sensitivity of those zones for which the affected root meets. In this zone, there may be some dryness of the skin, a noticeable violation of sweating. Treatment at this stage should be done on an outpatient basis or in a hospital, but certainly under the supervision of specialists.
Diagnosis of this disease can beconducted by one of several methods. First, it's radiography. Now most often used computer and magnetic resonance imaging. The symptomatology of this disease depends on the location of the formation.
Intervertebral hernia of the cervicalcharacterized by numbness of fingers on the hands, pain in the arm and shoulder, a combination of headaches and dizziness, pressure spikes. It is important to be careful if one or more symptoms manifest.
The intervertebral hernia of the thoracic region is characterized by constant pain in the thoracic region, as well as a combination of pain and scoliosis or kyphoscoliosis.
When there are various symptoms associated with hernia, you should immediately contact a specialist for diagnosis.